Jan 5, The Charlotte Observer, "These Sandals May be Good for More than Feet" by Angela Shannon, The Sideout Shoe Co. produces a "Reflexaa" sports sandal with a prongy insole. it's supposed to help promote overall health by stimulating specific pressure points on the feet. "The shoe's design comes form the principles of reflexology, a New Age type treatment based on the belief that pressure points on the feet correspond to different places in the body. Practitioners claim they can cure aches and pains in various parts of the body by massaging the corresponding area in the foot."

Jan. 21, Philadelphia Inquirer, "Putting Civil Rights in Action in School" by Erin Mooney, In an article about a privates school's observation of Multicultural Awareness Day, the writer notes that "German cooking and tai chi don't have much in common. Neither do foot reflexology and prejudice. But yesterday a common thread was woven between the subjects as the Solebury School celebrated the occasion."

Jan. 30, The St. Paul Pioneer Press, "Alternative Health Market," "A kind of New Age supermarket of alternative medicine has opened in the Twin Cites." The Newbridge Wellness Center in Edina integrates alternative therapies with conventional medicine. "It employs on-site physicians as well as therapists in massage, nutrition, chiropractic, acupuncture, reflexology and mind-body work."

Jan., Seventeen, Reporter Sabrin Solin tries out Smith & Vandiver's Wintermint Foot Balm that comes with a Reflexology Foot Chart as part of an article about an at-home spa.

Jan., Vogue

Jan., Star

New Woman

Feb., San Francisco Chronicle, Emert, Carol, "Birkenstock Makes Tracks to Open Downtown Store," A July opening is scheduled for a "showcase" Birkenstock sandal store in downtown San Francisco. The second floor of the two-story store on Stockton Street will be devoted to shoe sales. "The bottom level will be about twice the size as the top and may include a foot-massage station and non-shoe merchandise." p. D2

Feb., Ladies Home Journal, "Reflexology to the rescue (from PMS)"

Mar. 13, The San Jose Mercury News, "The Scientist Behind Amgen's EPO Gene Discovery Helped Unravel DNA Mystery" Biochemist Fu-Kien Lin and his discovery that has resulted in a billion-dollar drug, is known as the office's Resident expert on getting rid of headaches with acupressure and reflexology."

Mar. 31, Philadelphia Inquirer, "Traditional Medicine Cautiously Explores Alternate Therapy&emdash; At Columbia University, for example, there is a study of an herb treatment for uterine tumors," Current research of alternative therapies is mentioned with statements by Stephen Barrett and Jarvis of the National Council Against Health Fraud. "Other therapies range from well-known chiropractic (manipulation of the spine) and acupuncture (the insertion of hair-thin needles into various body parts) to more obscure methods such as reflexology or craniosacral therapy."

Mar., Self, An ad notifies department store customers of the chance to view the latest in women's shoes from Rockport and to receive a "complimentary reflexology massage" this spring. Nordstrom stores in Seattle, Chicago, San Francisco, Costa Mesa (CA), Paramas (NJ), and McLean (VA) offered reflexology for customers who tried on a pair of Rockport shoes.

"Apr./May, Civilization, the Magazine of the Library of Congress, "Medicine's New Age, Robin Marantz Henig, p 47, "Reflexology is similar to iridology but based on the belief that a particular spot on the foot corresponds to a region of the body. Complaints are treated with foot massage."

Apr. 28, The Wichita Eagle, "Here's a look at some New Health and Medical Books" by Karen Shideler, p. 6, A review of the book "Discover Reflexology" by Rosalind Osenford, Ulysses Press includes the reviewer's comment, "In reflexology, I liked the comparison of a side view of the foot and a human form, used to explain why certain places on the foot correspond to places throughout the body."

Apr. 30, Philadelphia Daily News, "Hotsie Tootsies &emdash; Hate Your Toes, For our first real women roadtest, we asked five readers to try out some of summer's coolest stuff for feet: their verdicts (follow)" by Becky Batcha, Five readers try five different products including Candies sandals, The Best Foot Massager, pedicure lotions, Peds-brand footies, and a spa pedicure with reflexology. "afterwards she put my feet back in the whirlpool, took them out and did some reflexology, using her thumb on so pressure points. Each toe, she pressed in three places. I thought it would be something where they would be pressing really hard, but I was very comfortable with it."

May 4, Contra Costa Times, "Pseudoscientific Claptrap Not Difficult to Find at 'Health Fair' by Linda Seebach, The writer finds that students were confronted by "pitchmen" who were "out in force at a Wellness Fair sponsored by the Psychology Club at Las Positas College. The writer quotes one participant's brochure which states "She does…'reflexology nerve endings in the sole of the foot convey impulses to organs such as the pituitary and the spleen.' … I don't know what people can have in their heads when they write like that or what is missing from the heads of the people who read it and think it makes sense."

May 25, The Charlotte Observer, "I'm Getting a Message from My Five-Star Massage" by Paul Lomartire, A visit to the Grand Floridian Spa and Health Club at Disney World is undertaken by the writer who is hesitant to enter the world of the spa. He liked the facial, massage and hydrobath. He notes that reflexology is available among body work services which are priced from $40 to $110. "Another new wrinkle at the Disney spa is that kids are welcome. My First Manicure is youth-priced ($35 for 40 minutes) and there is also My First Pedicure (25 minutes, $20) and my first Facial (30 minutes, $50)"

May, The New Yorker, An article about Donald Trump notes, "As for Mar-a-Largo spa, aerobic exercise is an activity Trump indulges in 'as little as possible' and he's therefore chosen not to micromanage its daily affairs. Instead he brought in a Texas outfit called the Greenhouse Spa, proven specialists in mud wraps, manual lymphatic drainage, reflexology, shiatsu and Hawaiian hot-rock massage."

Unknown women's magazine, Advice from the Norwich Inn and Spa in Connecticut for part of a self-administered pedicure, "Now give yourself a nice long massage with your new reflexology techniques. (Hint: Norwich's technicians use their fists and knuckles to put pressure on the bottom of the feet instead of wearing out their thumbs.") "Pamper Yourself, 33 Little Beauty Indulgences: Pretty hands and feet."

Jul. 13, The Aberdeen (SD) American News, In the funeral announcement for 83-year-old Orlando Urevig, it is noted that reflexology was among his hobbies.

Jul., Self, "A treat for feet," by Jean Nessel, Caption with picture: Lending weary feet a hand: the free 10-minute reflexology massage at the Rockport concept store in New York City. "Even so a shopping blitz can leave your feet pretty beat. At the end of a recent day spent perusing shoes uptown and down, I stopped in at Rockport's Concept store. There I was thrilled to discover service that goes where no shoe store has gone before. Every Saturday, bone-tired shoppers are treated to a free reflexology foot massage: 10 heavenly minutes, no purchase necessary. I don't think I've ever felt so pampered. Or so light on my feet."

Jul./Aug., Fitness, "Body and Sole; Can the secret to good health really be found in the feet? Find out why reflexology has suddenly made it into the mainstream." by Donna Wilkinson, Laura Norman, Kevin Kunz and Dwight Byers are interviewed. "For those who are leery of other touch therapies, such as Swedish massage and shiatsu, reflexology represents a viable alternative. 'Some people don't feel comfortable disrobing or being touched all over their bodies.' says Maria Cobisello, vice-president of product development for Origins which offers reflexology in its Feel-Good Spa in New York City.'With reflexology all you have to do is remove your shoes and socks.' But don't expect a foot massage. 'Massage is basically more simple. It deals with stretching can relaxing the muscles,' notes Mary Brouillette, a certified reflexologist and massage therapist at the Golden Door Spa in Escondido, California. 'Reflexology is more precise. You can focus on specific points on the foot.'"

Aug., Diana, Commemorative Issue, Newsweek, "In the end Diana looked less like a royal and more like a sleek Manhattan socialite. For one thing she was well groomed. She got manicures and pedicures, had foot reflexology three times a week."

Sept. 8, 1997, Time, "Arts & Media: The One Must-Have Accessory? Great Legs, Reflexology is the solution to foot woes caused by wearing the "accessory for fall," the stiletto-heeled shoe, according to Vogue's senior market editor Lauren Dupont. "Stilettos are a challenge, but they're sleek and sexy; we will have to bear the pain. Reflexology will have a great year," says Dupont.

Sept., Vogue, "Vogue's Index," A "pedicure with reflexology is great before a spike-heeled night" suggests Vogue magazine in a "Late-night Directory" of Manhattan cosmetology, massage, and bodywork services. p. 704

Sept., Self, Alternative Approaches" by Judith Mandelbaum-Schmid, In answer to the question "I am often constipated. Is there a natural therapy I can try?" reflexology author Laura Norman is one of three practitioners answering.

Sept. 28, The Albuquerque Journal, p. C1, "Costs of extras could leave you high and dry… high-priced drinks, excursions drive up discounted cruise fares" by Mark Lacey, Reprinted from the Los Angeles Times. "Improvise. The onboard beauty salon offered a full range of services such as facials, anti-cellulite treatments, even reflexology. They are pricey. My cost-cutting advice: give each other massages in your cabin."

Oct. 1, Library Journal, Review of The Parent's Guide to Reflexology by Kevin and Barbara Kunz.

Oct. 1, Booklist, Review of The Parent's Guide to Reflexology by Kevin and Barbara Kunz.

Oct. 12, St. Paul Pioneer Press, "Market Targets Aging Boomers &emdash; Everyone from Housing Developers to Financial Planners is Trying to Cash in on the Baby Boom" by Kay Harvey, p. 13A, Retirement communities are among businesses planning to attract baby boomer dollars. Among ideas for creating a sense of community at retirement homes is the inclusion of classes and activities attractive to seniors. For example, "Sun City Georgetown in Texas offers such new-wave classes as scuba-diving and reflexology."

Nov. 18, Family Circle, "As Easy as 1-2-3, Smart Solutions for Beauty Dilemmas, A section on "What to do for aching feet "includes information about soaking feet in Epsom salts, "a few minutes massage," and leg stretches.

Nov., Evolving Woman, "Books," A review of the Kunz and Kunz work, The Parent's Guide to Reflexology. It is "a unique, practical guide that shows how this age-old natural practice can cur a host of ailments in children of all ages, including infants, and how the loving, healing touch of parents is a benefit in itself."

Nov., Ladies Home Journal, "Physician, Heal Thyself" by Joseph V. Amodio, The article surveys experts in a variety of field "to unearth the best quick cures for minor ailments. Some remedies may be what you would expect; others, more offbeat. But all are doctor-tested." In a section about "Sore feet," dancer Patricia Avila advises helping sore feet by keeping two small water bottles in the freezer to roll feet on at the end of a long day. "'It's important to baby your feet. I roll bottles underfoot while watching TV. The ice is wonderful &emdash; soothing and anti-inflammatory.' "

Nov., Self, Four-page full color ads introduce "the healing garden, holistic fragrances for the mind, body and spirit" including "pressure point lotion and gel, aroma oils, body soaks, lotions and cleansers, cologne sprays, candles, room sprays, potpourri."

Nov./Dec., Skin Inc., The Complete Business Guide for Face & Body Care, Nanci Gentile, "Incorporate Wellness," "The consumer may be leading the industry seeking ways to reduce stress, tap into the body's own natural resources and stimulate natural healing. If your clients are not asking you for holistic solutions to their skin problems, they will be very soon. Be prepared to respond. You may be missing the opportunity to take your business to the next level if you are no thinking about ways to provide your clients with the wellness services they will want and need. … "Among the therapies you may want to consider including are body therapies such as ayurvedic detoxifcation wraps, reflexology, aromatherapy for relaxation, hydrating paraffin wax treatments and stress therapy massage. … "With the exception of hydrotherapy treatments, here are few of the basic wellness services you can add to your menu with just the addition of a massage bed, some simple equipment and the proper treatment products.… "Once you have refitted your salon or spa, identified your manufacturer, and you and your staff have received the necessary training, slowly begin to introduce your clients to the new wellness services. Have your aestheticisms add 'a little extra' into a regular facial&emdash;a 15 minute hand or foot reflexology treatment for example." Nanci Gentile, "Incorporate Wellness," Vol. 9, No. 8, pp. 80-84

Dec., Redbook, "My Boss Is You-Know-Who" by Bonnie Siegler, In an article about working for famous people, masseuse Penny Compton comments on working with famous stars including: "Rocker and movie star Courtney Love, now one of Compton's best clients, was at first a tough, no-talk customer. 'When I worked with her two years ago I didn't think she liked me. She fidgeted a lot, hardly said a word. It was intimidating. Now she's more comfortable with me, asks my opinion on wheat grass juice, reflexology, and that sort of thing. She's very into health now, very curious to learn all she can.' "

Dec., Redbook, "Bad Periods: New Ways to Control Cramps and PMS" by Stacey Colino, pp. 50-52, "Yoga, guided imagery, and progressive muscle relaxation (taught on audio tape) may also ease PMS, says Margaret Moline, Ph.D., coauthor of Premenstrual Syndrome: A Clinician's Guide. And one recent study found that reflexology &emdash; applying manual pressure to specific points on the hands, ears and feet significantly decreased symptoms."

Dec., Redbook and Goodhousekeeping, Ad for "the healing garden." See Nov., Self.

Dec., Self, "Goods for the sole, Knobs, nubs and shiatsu that will please the feet," "The comfort revolution has finally found its feet &emdash; especially the latest pampering zone, the sole. 'Feet are the body's shock absorbers, "observes Kirk Lebenfeld, a Larchmont, New York podiatrist. Since they bear the brunt of holiday shopping, show them special consideration. Here then are gifts for your very own stocking stuffer." Pictured are "rolling pins" or wooden foot rollers, "moving footage" or wooden bead rollers, "Magic carpet" or a plastic knobby mat for the shower, and nubby sandals.


Jan., Good Housekeeping, A brief article about foot massage.

Jan., Unknown San Francisco area newspaper, Foot work is pictured being applied to a weary computer convention-goer in San Francisco

Jan. 5, IndiaWorld, Current Affairs Quiz, It is reported that "Item #13 "The eight-year-old 50-bed Bapu Nature Cure Hospital, Delhi, India, has many VVIP patients among the hundreds treated every day by natural therapies which include laughter therapy, magnetotherapy, foot reflexology, and chromotherapy. The charge per therapy is: Rs 1,000: Rs 5,000; Rs 30 Based in patient's income."

Jan. 16, Star, "How She Got the Body to Die For," Princess Diana is said to use "foot massage" to help maintain her figure. p. 5

Jan., Town & Country Monthly, "What's the difference between spas in Europe and the US," v150, n5188, pp. 34-6; "America's Best Spas," Includes related article on medical spas, v150, n51, p. 86

Winter, Telegram Tribune (Pasa Robles, CA), Health File section, "Reflexology, Fancy Footwork" by Alyse Frampton, Kevin Kunz, and Jean-Luis Dube, president of the Reflexology Association of Canada are interviewed in a general story about reflexology.

Jan. - Feb., Countryside & Small Stock Journal, "Eat your way to good health, "Homesteaders and health, v80, n1, p. 26

Feb. 5, US News and World Report, "A new age of healing hands: cancer centers embrace alternative therapies as 'complementary care,'" v120, n5, p. 71, The medical community is finding that "some New Age treatments may be useful as adjuncts to surgery, radiation and chemotherapy. …"For instance some cancer patients treated conventionally at Duke also receive guided imagery (Patients imagine their tumors shrinking), meditation, biofeedback and prayer. In another flick at New Age therapy, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York teaches some patients the Japanese tea ceremony to help relieve anxiety and bring balance to their lives. Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center in New York offers hypnosis, reflexology (massaging specific spots on the foot is said to unclog 'energy channels'), therapeutic touch (energy field manipulation), yoga and acupressure (acupuncture without needles)."

Mar., Luxury Life-styles of the Rich and Famous, "Special Issue: Natural Health Remedies Stars Use - And They Really Work!, Plus the healing power of massage, aromatherapy, acupuncture, teas, reflexology and meditation," "Reflexology - Getting to the root of the problem," p. 39, Sub heading: Princess Di 'Walking on air' after royal rubdowns,

Mar. 3, The Source Newspaper (Michigan), "Healing technique works to relieve discomfort through the feet" by Debra Holbrook

Mar. 4, People, A Reebok advertisement features a reflexology chart and an explanation of reflexology.

Mar. 21, Chicago Tribune, "Rubbed the right way - Reflexology brings the foot to the forefront" by Bob Condor,

Mar., "Get the Stress Out," Essence, How one woman overcame the pressures in her life &emdash; and holistic paths that you too can take," v26, n. 5, p. 26

April, New Woman, One page version of Reebok advertisement of Mar. 4, People;

pp. 64-68 "6 chill out spas" Three of the six spas listed provide reflexology services. Rio Caliente in Guadalajara, Mexico &emdash; "Suspicious of all things New Age, I was skeptical whether I could survive in a place that billed itself as a 'window into the inner self' or subsist on a diet of grains, beans, nuts, and seeds. but I need not have worried. three house and one reflexology massage into my stay I, too, joined the swelling ranks of rio caliente devotees.; The Kerr House, Grand Rapids, Ohio &emdash; The five days in this large Victorian house-turned-spa are costly spent in a warm cotton robe sipping the house tea, waiting to be led off to the massage table, the facial room or the reflexology chair."; The New Age Health Spa, Neversink, New York &emdash; Highlights among the body and salon treatments are the full body rejuvenation … and reflexology performed by a nimble-fingered genius (I was fast asleep on the table and woke up with a loud, embarrassing snore."

p. 125 "From here to serenity, One woman's search for relaxation" by Susan A. Segrest, The author visits reflexologist Nancy Hughes.

Received April 1, Albuquerque Journal, "Tiny Infants Have the Power to Melt Hardest Male Heart" by syndicated columnist Donna Britt, "I'm nothing like my infant-hating friend, Andre. But I must admit it: Babies suck. They suck hard. Anyone who believes that women instantly find breast-feeding as pleasurable as a foot massage would note my agonized facial expression in a photo snapped at the "blissful" moment that my eldest latched on."

Apr., Alternative Medical Digest, "Treat your fibroid naturally," "Foot reflexology massage" is listed as a means of treating fibroids naturally. Drawn from Menopause Naturally by Caroly Dean, MD

May, Better Homes and Gardens, "Healing Hands: the Power of Touch Therapy," Includes information sources and related article on bodywork practitioners, v74, n5, p. 82

June, Los Angeles Magazine, "Passive obsession," The Givenchy Spa in Palm Springs, California, v41, n6, p. 102

June 3, Daily News (LA) reprinted from the New York Times, "There's the Rub" by Michael Marriott, "Reflexology, much like shiatsu, has as its central belief the Chinese concept that the body has energy channels and that they can be manipulated by applying pressure to specific locations."

Jul., Self, "Feet First," Reflexology is mentioned as a practice to keep feet in shape for the summer.

Jul. 10, Albuquerque Journal, Advertisement for "Dr. Metz Slimming Soles," "Lose weight fast as you walk," A foot reflexology chart is pictured with an illustration of the insoles. It is stated that "You certainly know the basic principles of Reflexology. It's that Chinese technique that consists of stimulating specific points on the sole of the feet, which correspond to a specific organ of the body. A wide variety of disorders can be treated this way. … This doctor has discovered that under your feet existed certain points that make you lose weight automatically if you stimulate them!… A recent medical test has been conducted with 478 people who had all failed to lose weight.

Jul./Aug, Albuquerque Woman, "Reflexology and Polarity: Working with the Body's Energy" by Linda Kory, p. 36

Aug., Christian Single, "Feet Don't Fail Me Now: If reflexology offers such a natural path to better health, why do so many Christian shun it?" by Virgean L. F. Bosworth,

Aug., Ladies Home Journal

Sept., Conde Nast Traveler, "Serenity Central" by Moira Hodgson, p. 140, "So many people have come to experience Sedona's vortices that the visitor's center here actually hands out guides to their l9 locations, and there is a Yellow Pages devoted solely to New Age services. A random sampling of its listings includes psychics, axiatonal therapy, spiritual counseling, medicine card reading, aura photography, astrology, rapid-eye technology, clairvoyant readings, hypnotherapy, acupressure, shamanic healing transformational therapy, parapsychology, lymphatic manipulations, past-life regressions, angelic channels, crystal readings, aura cleansing, channeling, reflexology, craniosacral therapy, and sensory-deprivation-tank floating."

Sept. 20, Albuquerque Journal, An announcement for a new business, The Central, "will be a home for nontraditional health-related people in such fields as massage, tai chi, yoga, reflexology and homeopathy."

Oct., Delicious, A Boulder Colorado reflexologist is interviewed

Oct. 28, First, "Health know-all, Hands-on Pain Relief: today reflexology is still a quick natural way to ease the nagging aches and pains of everyday life," Two hands are pictured with reflexology areas painted on. Text directs readers to press certain areas for certain disorders: aching feet, headache, sore throat, low backache, eyestrain, toothache, menstrual cramps, stomach pain, muscle aches.

Nov., Self,

Nov., Conde Nast Traveler, "Confessions of a Karmic Punk" by Karl Taro Greenfeld. Director of an Indian ashram suggests trying acupuncture and foot massage to discover the self.

Dec. 1, San Antonio Express-News, Health File section, "Fancy Footwork" by Alyse Frampton, Kevin Kunz is interviewed for a general article about reflexology.

Dec., Vogue, "Beauty, Feet First" by Charles Gandee, "Although rumors of its rewards are greatly exaggerated, the reflexology rage is nonetheless growing."


Jan. 10, Family Circle, p. 70, "Relax, Refresh, Renew … Tips from Nineteen Spas, "An article about spas and day spas includes ten spa practices the reader can apply at home. A foaming foot bath as well as Reflexology - One of the fastest ways to ease out the kinks is with reflexology - treating specific body parts by pressing its corresponding point on the hand foot or ear. To relieve a tight back, work the "web" between the left thumb and index finger. Apply lotion to hands then dust on powder, press right thumb in web and "walk" it. Move up a bit, press again and so on."

Jan., Conde Nast Travel, "Current spa trends; 'quick fixes,' 'going native,''child's play.' "Reflexology is a part of the spa trends from "Bodies, rest, and potions, The skinny on the spa trends," The article states: "Need to relax in a hurry? Don't stress: Quickie treatments are increasingly being served up a la carte at spas and salons across the country. Coming soon to a stopover city near you: By 1996, there will be 200 Great American BackRub parlors, where ten minutes of sheer bliss can be had for only $9.95. In March the first airport location will open at New Jersey's Newark International, and, come April, look out for the first Great American FootRub reflexology parlor on New York's Madison Avenue (Great American BackRub's flagship is at 958 Third Ave., 212-832-1766)."

p. 183, Michael Kinsley, "Real Men Run Resorts: Western Resorts," reports that the spa at the Phoenician in Scottsdale, Arizona provides "reflexology foot massage ('based on an ancient Egyptian theory that all organs and parts of the body are interconnected and have corresponding reflexes on the soles of the feet.'"

Jan., Sunset, "Calistoga mud baths, A personal journey into the ooze confirms the many pleasures of Napa Valley's thermal retreat" by Jeff Phillips. Foot reflexology is on of the "New Age Treatments" available at the Lavender Hill Spa in Calistoga, California.

Jan., Harper's Bazaar, "City spas," n3398, p. 30

Feb., Town and Country, "Beating the Odds," p. 107, Gregory White Smith's experience lead him to publish a book listing the best medical specialists in North America. The author now "calculates that the beginning of his health problems was a hard bang on the head on the bottom of a swimming pool during his college years.… "I didn't notice anything unusual until three years later, when I started having pain in my feet. … By the time I arrived for my first year at Harvard Law School, I could hardly move without pain. My x-rays showed dozens of little hairline fractures (metafractures"). What was causing them?… Almost by accident (I had gone in for an earache), they found the culprit -a small tumor in my middle ear that for years had been secreting a hormone like substance that "tricked" my kidneys with false chemical messages to dump phosphorus even though my bones were hungry for it. So the pain in my feet had in fact been caused by a tumor in my head."

Feb., New Age Journal, p. 91, A report about the PMS and reflexology study.

Feb., Good Housekeeping, An article about taking care of the feet includes a side-bar article about foot reflexology. Instructions are given for how to work on a particular part of the foot to effect a particular part of the body

Feb., "Please touch," Redbook, The healing power of massage, v184, n4, p. 66

Mar./Apr., Natural Health, "Sole Searching, You may take your feet for granted, but reflexologists take them seriously, calling them conduits of healing," by Debra Blake Weisenthal, p.98, Self-help exercises from Hand and Foot Reflexology, A Self-Help Guide by Kevin and Barbara Kunz are included with photographs taken after illustrations in the book. A client of Boston reflexologist Alison Hogy writes about her experience.

Mar., Conde Nast Traveler, "Getaways-England," Spa Grayshott Hall is suggested for a getaway. "Extras include herbal body wraps in several varieties and therapy treatments ranging from exfoliation to aroma, energy-giving and reflexology. I found reflexology unimpressive; aromatherapy, on the other hand, with rosemary and lavender left a heavenly glow for an entire night." p. 73

Mar., American Salon, "Hands On, Body and Sole," Combining foot reflexology with pedicure services can keep your business a step ahead of the competition," p. 36, "Foot reflexology is becoming a popular part of salon pedicure services." The reasons for this include: "'A pedicure enhances a client's look; adding reflexology to the service improves how she feels,'" says Gina Coppola, a reflexology expert at the Adam Broderick Image Group, Ridgefield, CT." "Six months ago the Adam Broderick Image Group added to its service menu a $50, 90 minute pedicure that includes a half-hour of reflexology. The day spa has since seen a 25 percent increase in pedicure tickets."

.Mar., Allure, "Fragrance at Your Feet" by Ruth Mayer, "Forget the shrink. Many salons are now touting therapy for the psyche that works by treating the feet - aromatherapy foot massage. Smelling a blend of herbal oils can 'stimulate positive emotional response,' says Maureen Ressler, who created an aromatherapy pedicure for the Elizabeth Arden Salon in Manhattan." One foot scrub from Jessica Cosmetics "sounds like a k substitute - it 'promotes self-confidence.'"

Mar. 14, Woman's Day, "How to …Give a Foot Massage," Reflexology author Laura Norman of New York "offers instructions for a 10-to-15-minute foot massage to relax and soothe."

Mar. 20, Apr. 3, Apr. 24, People, An advertisement for the Reebok walking shoe includes a reflexology chart and an explanation of reflexology. Open up the pages in any number of magazines this spring and you will see a full page color foot reflexology chart. An accompanying caption reads "Reflexology. A science operating under the principle that massaging certain reflexes in the feet will relieve tension, improve circulation and provide peace of mind." The opposite page shows a full page color photo of the sole of the Reebok Leader DMX™ Walking Shoe. An accompanying caption reads: "DynaMax™ Technology. A science operating under the principle that heel-to-toe cushioning system of air under the part of your foot about to strike the ground will relieve tension, improve circulation and provide peace of mind."

The advertisement includes the lines "When we developed this technology, we had more than your feet in mind." and "Another way to hold body and mind together on planet Reebok."

Apr., Walking, Mirabella, Redbook, Self, New Woman, Prevention, Time, Los Angeles Times, Reebok advertisement includes reflexology. See Mar. 20, People.

Apr., Nail Pro, A general article about reflexology includes comments from Kevin Kunz, Dwight Byers, and Laura Norman.

Apr., Albuquerque Journal, Sage (Monthly women's magazine), "Massage Parlance, Here's a Guide to relief from your body's complaints" by Carrie Seidman, An article about the New Mexico School of Natural Therapeutics in Albuquerque includes photographs of reflexology work. "Foot reflexology: If you work as a waitress, a dog walker, or anything else that requires you to be on your feet, this therapy could be a welcome relief. It uses gentle pressure to activate the nerve endings in your feet that reflexologists say relate to all the major organs. A treatment should result in your whole body feeling energized. It's often combined with other therapies especially polarity."

Apr., Glamour, An article about massage includes comments about reflexology.

Apr., New Woman, "'I do an hour-long session of reflexology instead of a cocktail,'" says one consumer.

Apr., Los Angeles Magazine, "The beaux arts," Guide to Los Angles area beauty spas, v40, n4, p. 100

Apr., "5 fixes for feet," Weight Watcher Magazine, Taking care of sore feet, v28, n4, p. 29

Apr., Mademoiselle

May 8 (received), National Enquirer, Advertisement for "Dr. Metz Slimming Soles," "Lose weight fast as you walk," A foot reflexology chart is pictured with an illustration of the insoles. It is stated that "You certainly know the basic principles of Reflexology. It's that Chinese technique that consists of stimulating specific points on the sole of the feet, which correspond to a specific organ of the body. A wide variety of disorders can be treated this way. … This doctor has discovered that under your feet existed certain points that make you lose weight automatically if you stimulate them!… A recent medical test has been conducted with 478 people who had all failed to lose weight using any known method. After 6 weeks, 58% of these people had lost 15 lbs. or more …"

May 10, Albuquerque Journal, "Film Critic Goes Over 'Fiction' - Frame by Frame by Roger Ebert, A four day workshop examined the movie Pulp Fiction frame by frame. Ebert notes that "A basic strategy in the film is to use humorous dialogue to delay the payoff for a moment of violence … This strategy is set up in the opening shot where Jules and Vincent have a long, funny discussion about foot massage while walking down a long hotel corridor."

May, Prevention, Reebok ad

June, Allure, "Unwind and Rewind," Spa owners recommend videos for do-it yourself-at-home massage. One video includes reflexology.

June 6, Woman's Day, Full page, full color advertisement for the "Massage My Feet Kit"

June 6, Woman's Day, Reebok advertisement.

June 13, The Miami Herald, "Beyond Massage: Tactile Therapies Help Ease Pain" "Massage is a commonly used technique to deal with pain and certain neuromuscular conditions. Here are some other therapies which have been in use for many years and which can complement traditional medical care. … Reflexology: this is based on the principle that there are points in the hands and feet that correspond to each part of the body. Stimulation of these areas is felt to promote relaxation and improve blood supply and nerve conduction, thus relieving pain and stress."

June 23, Indian Express, p. 8, "Reflexology - new hope for the mentally retarded" by Leslie Menon, An Indian newspaper article cites the use of reflexology at a school for special children. "Mental retardation may not be totally cured but reflexology is certainly beneficial," asserts Prof. Lissy Jose, (principal of Smithntha Nursery and Technical Training Institute at Inngol in Perumbawoot, India), "It improves their alertness, attention span and behavioral pattern, apart from improving their general health.… "When the mentally retarded are treated using reflexology, their brain improves. Besides the body contact that this brings removes their mental alienation, making them happier. The school utilizes reflexology with its 75 students and as part of the syllabus for special training programs for teachers of the mentally retarded."

Jul 25, (Ft. Wayne, IN) News-Sentinel, "Josephine of all Trades" by Bob Caylor, 80-year old Josephine Richardson is profiled. Josephine has been a pilot but "… most important to her today, she learned massage and reflexology. To bare the truth, there's not much scientific about it, other than the superficially technical-sounding narration she offers during each 'treatment.' Scientists weighing in on the merits of reflexology wouldn't likely be more charitable than saying they couldn't prove it's worthless. The success of her massage and reflexology practice has more to do with Josephine's magnetic personality."

Jul, Chatelaine, "The age of alternatives," Alternative medicine, v68, n7, p. 29

Jul., Albuquerque Journal, Sage (Monthly women's magazine), An article about treating feet specially during the summer includes mention of a cosmetologist who provides a pedicure that includes reflexology "the stimulation of certain pressure points on the foot that are said to correspond to areas of the body." She charges $18.

,Aug., Here's Health (England), "Success story, 'Everyone with cancer should have reflexology,' This therapy is helping 42-year-old and mother of two Louise Robinson cope with the problems of breast cancer and the side effects of chemotherapy," p. 35

Sept., Ladies Home Journal, "Mind over beauty," Ancient beauty treatments, v112, n9, p. 140

Sept., Self, Reebok ad

Sept. 14, Daily Mail, "Old age converts to the New Age" Reflexology is linked to relief of symptoms for Alzheimmer's patients in a September British newspaper article. A six-month project to study the effects of reflexology and aromatherapy with Alzheimmer's patients was funded by Age Concern and Kingston and Richmond Health Authority. "The most significant outcome was a reduction in body stiffness and arthritis. Many residents saw an obvious alleviation of some symptoms of Alzheimmer's - such as restlessness and wandering. Depression and skin conditions also improved."

Sept. 25, Macleans, "Healers or quacks; therapies once viewed as fringe are becoming mainstream," Cover story, v108, n39, p. 34

Sept./Oct., Massage, "The Case for Separate Certification of Reflexology" by Dwight C. Byers with Carolyn Long

Sept.Oct., "Mexico's affordable spas," Condominiums International, v20, n5, p. 16

Oct. 24, The Oakland Press (Michigan), "Feet may be source of your body's cure" by Julie Baumkel

Oct./Nov., Health Naturally (Canada), "Reflexology Steps toward Health" by Kris Tanner and Carola Barczak

Nov., Allure, An article about foot fetishists reports on the foot massage discussion scene from Pulp Fiction.

Dec., Gentleman's Quarterly, "The Californication of Montana" by John Sedgwick, In a story about Californians and others moving to Montana, it is reported that the newcomers have brought with them a demand for alternative practices such as foot-zone therapy.

Dec. 18, First, "The reflexology, The power to slim down, de-stress and get energized is in the palms of your hands. Learn how this age-old art can help you reach your holiday goals." A woman follows three ideas for a month to lose weight for the holidays. Aromatherapy eating specific foods and hand reflexology help her lose weight and change a dress size.


Jan., Self," Survey: Yours answers on: Alternative Medicine, How you responded to our questions in October," Of the 84% of respondents who had tried alternative therapy, 40% had tried reflexology. Respondents indicated that 11% would consider using reflexology.

"at-home spa," A schedule for a four-day at-home spa includes a ten-minute foot massage.

Jan., Family Circle, p. 93, "It's Your Time - 50 Treats for Body and Soul, "If an allover massage sounds heavenly but you haven't the time - or a hands-on partner - focus on your feet. Roll them, one at a time, on a firm rubber ball to ease soles and balls of feet, soothe jangling nerves…"

Jan., Glamour

Jan. 9, St. Paul (MN) Pioneer Press, "Apres-Ski Spas Offer Lift by Laura Daily and Madeleine Osberger, Reflexology services are included for apres-ski goers at the Topnotch Hotel in Stowe, Vermont.

Jan 10, Philadelphia Daily News, "He Rubs Folks the Right Way: This masseur's Specialty is the Corporate House Call" by Ron Avery, The article reviews the work of Joseph M. Eagle who includes reflexology among hiss services to the marketing department of Conrail, among other corporations.

Feb., Esquire

Feb. Healthmap Magazine, "Footnotes" by Laura Norman, A regularly appearing column on reflexology by Laura Norman

Feb., Nail Pro, "Reflexology: New Interest in This Ancient Art" by Laurel Dewey, p. 48 - 57

Feb. 1, Detroit Free Press, Section F, "Happy Feet, Treat 'em right and they'll stand up for you," by Patricia Anstett, See Albuquerque Journal, Feb. 21, 1994.

Feb. 14, Detroit Free Press, "Aroma of Sweet Success, by Pam Berry, Local business woman Sandra Goguen is profiled. Her start in aromatherapy started with a local massage therapist whose TV interview who practiced multiple modalities including reflexology.

Feb. 21, Albuquerque Journal, "Getting off on the right foot" by Patricia Anstett, One side article "A Lesson in Pampering" advises "Massage to improve circulation, relax tired muscles and soothe yourself - or someone else. A section titled "Some Fixers for That Sore Foot" lists podiatrists, MD's, dermatologists and reflexologists.

Feb. 27, Chicago Tribune, "Press-On PMS Relief" by Deborah Rissing Baurac, Psychologist Terry Oleson, director of behavioral Medicine at the California Graduate Institute in Los Angeles, discusses his study of Reflexology and PMS, conducted with Bill Flocco as the reflexologist.

Unknown, Nails

Mar. 8, Woman's World, pp. 18-19, "Want to have better sex, a sharper memory, lose weight, quit smoking? Try Massage Magic" by Rona Gindin, Techniques of Laura Norman are illustrated with photos. The work of Beverly Hills reflexologist Aiko Aiyana at the birth of Marla Maples' and Donald Trump's child is noted.

Mar. 9, Philadelphia Daily News, "It's a Professional Walk of Life "These Health-Care Providers Specialize in the Human Foot," Podiatrists, medical doctors and reflexologists are listed as the foot care specialists. "Reflexologists are holistic health practitioners who believe that applying gentle pressure systematically to the foot causes a relaxation response that promotes general health. They believe that the foot is its own microsystem, a mirror to one's entire well-being.

Mar. 13, New York Times, An advertisement in the Sunday paper for Canyon Ranch is illustrated by a photo of work on feet.

Mar.14, Wall Street Journal, p. A4, "Hip California Town Digs the Earth, Finds New Age Shangri-La, In Arcata, Reflexologist Rub Elbows With Leaf Burners, Sip Soy in Spacious Houses" by Timothy Aeppel, An article about businesses in Humbolt County includes the statement, "Even health care has an eco-flavor. Besides doctors and clinics, the town boasts five hypnotherapists, two reflexologists (who use pressure points on the feet and hands to heal other parts of the body)".

Mar. 22, National Examiner, Dwight Byers and Laura Norman are interviewed.

Mar. 27, Chicago Tribune by Zeke Wigglesworth, "Like vacation rough around the edges, try Bangkok," "Enter the Oriental Hotel in Bangkok, on everybody's list as the World's Best Hotel for the better part of a century … just got better. It has added a health spa and herbal treatment center… offer treatments ranging from Thai massage to reflexology, hydro-treatments, manicures, pedicures, makeup treatment and herbal body wraps. The whole complex is heavy with wood, gilt and expensive furnishings." (Reprinted from Dec. 16, 1993 edition of the San Jose (CA) Mercury News)

Mar., Diabetic Medicine (England), "Diabetes and Alternative Medicine - Cause for Concern," G. V. Gill, S. Redmond, F. Garratt, R. Paisey, Four cases of diabetes are detailed citing patients with insulin-dependent diabetes who sought alternative treatments, stopped taking medication and suffered health problems as a result.

June 7, Star, p. 6, "Secret Shopaholic, How Di blows $227,000 a year on clothes, hairdos, vacations and massages," Among "Therapy" expenses listed for Princess Diana of England is "Reflexology (foot massage) weekly … $2657"

Apr., Los Angeles Magazine, "The'94 beauty handbook: all the town's top hair, nail and skin specialists, plus spas, salons and supplies in Los Angeles. v39, n4, p. 82

Apr. 4, Daily News (New York), "The Heeling Art" by Mary Talbot, New York reflexologist Laura Norman is interviewed.

Apr. 10, The Daily News of Los Angeles, "It's a Wrap - and a Massage - at Beach Spa" by Mary Forgione, A travel writer visits a spa at the Casa Playa Spa in the Rosatita Hotel in Rosarita, Mexico, eighteen miles south of Tijuana. Reflexology services are included in the spa's activities." The resort became a popular playground for Los Angeles celebrities and movie stars (in the 1930's), including Lana Turner, Mickey Rooney, Victor Mature, and Rita Hayworth."

Apr. 11, New York, "Look who's new age now - Marla Trump and her society pals go holistic" by Ginia Bellafante and Anya Sacharow

Apr. 11, Sacramento Bee, "New Jobs" by Pual Clegg, "Tired of the old job? Looking for a new career? … Jobs are waiting to be created out there. Find a niche and fill it. Think of a needed service and provide it." Reflexology is cited as a new career with the eleven year work of Sacramento reflexologist John Lee cited.

Apr. 22, Associated Press, "Singapore sells pastimes as attractions," The Associated Press News wire reports a story for distribution about the attempt by Singapore tourism officials to draw tourists to Singapore. "The tourism board will spend $1.9 million on a publicity campaign and run contests offering free trips to Singapore, shopping vouchers, foot reflexology sessions to soothe away the ache of shoppers' feet,' and full body massages."

May, Minneapolis/St. Paul Magazine, "The new medicine: are holistic therapies quackery or the real McCoy?" by Katherine Karlson

May, Good Housekeeping, p. 84, Elizabeth L. Post, "Etiquette for Every Day, "An office colleague often takes off her shoes and massages her stockinged feet at her desk. Am I correct in thinking this is uncouth?" She answers, "If she cannot massage her feet in a way that's not visible to others, she should go to the rest room to relieve her aches. You could hint that her current habit is offensive by saying something like, "'June it makes my feet hurt just to see you rubbing yours like that.'"

June 13, People Weekly, "Let's do lunch - a look at Di's day," Privacy and the life-style of Princess Diana are reviewed in this cover story.

June 21, Star, p. 4, "Researchers discover new ways to beat PMS," "Try reflexology. In a recent study at the California Graduate Institute in Los Angeles" is reported. The Flocco/Oleson study is reported.

June 21, Star, p.2, "Dashing Di," "Di had just come from a regular visit to a Chinese foot massage clinic in Beauchamp Place when she noticed she was attracting a crowd." so she made a run for her car.

June 28, Woman's Day, "Feet First, p. 68, "Foot fitness" is suggested to include massage of the foot.

Jul. 13, New York Newsday, "The Skin Game" by Julio Labor, A male writer tries a facial, a body wrap, and reflexology at Laura Normans New York studio.

Jul. 24, Time, "Absolutely Fabulous" by William Tynan, A television review of the British comedy "Absolutely Fabulous" now being aired on the Comedy Channel in the US includes a mention of a program citing reflexology as one of the services utilized by the program's main character.

Unknown, British magazine, "When your body becomes your feet, "With alternative health becoming increasingly popular and more established in the minds of the sceptics at the British Medical Association (it was only last year that acupuncture was accepted as a recognized treatment) more and more people are today opting for 'alternative' forms of treatment and discovering their, what sometimes appears to be, miraculous benefits. Often it is a question of looking back through the history of man to find alternative medicine and therapies, one of which is reflexology." Michael Keet's School of Reflexology is profiled.

Summer, Massage & Bodywork Quarterly, "Reflexology: A Field of Our Own" by Marcia L. Aschendorf, pp. 87 - 90.

Aug. 12, Entertainment Weekly, "Absolutely for Beginners" by Lisa Schwarzbaum, A review of the British television comedy "Absolutely Fabulous."

Aug. 27, The Arizona Republic, p. E4, A doctor's column distributed by Newspaper Enterprise Association by Dr. Peter H. Gott includes the question "Is reflexology acknowledged as a legitimate practice by the AMA? Does the law require that reflexologists be licensed by the state? What is your opinion of the good or harm they do to the 'patients.'" "Dear reader: Reflexology, a pseudo-science, is not recognized by the American Medical Association. Proponents claim to cure a variety of medical disorders by massaging the soles of the feet. This method has never been shown to be effective in treating anything. State laws differ in the licensing of reflexologists. No matter; stay away from them."

Sept., National Geographic, "Crimea: Portrait of a Fallen Empire," p. 106, "The healthiest thing about the southern cost of Crimea, I'm told as I visit a few of its scores of sanatoriums, is simply the combination of sun sea air, and fragrance from the parks. But treatments are offered for specific problems: Massages, acupuncture, soft music for the reduction of stress.…"Some I find hard to believe. Application of electromagnets for varicose veins? Even the pebbles on the beaches, I'm assured, can be therapeutic. Depending on where a pebble presses on your sole, nerve paths to different organs will transmit beneficial stimulation. But nowadays, says a sanitarium director, most clients come just to relax."

Sept., Self, "PMS pedi-cure" by Jacqueline Stenson, "Finally science has given us evidence of an effective, non drug, New Age treatment for PMS. It's called reflexology, and a study published in a recent issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology reported that after eight weeks of treatment, women who suffered from premenstrual syndrome experienced a 46 percent drop in there physical and psychological symptoms … "But there's more. While the experimental group's relief was wildly significant, even the placebo group showed a 19 percent decrease in symptoms. So, it would seem, a good foot rub is god for what ails you."

Sept., Harper's Bazaar, "Bodyworks, new healthcare and physical fitness products and services" by Gale Hansen, Includes sidebar on baby spas.

Sept. 1, Family Circle, "Time Out, the beauty-stress connection," Reflexology is included as a stress buster. "Treat feet to a reflexology session - feel good all over." (See also Family Circle, Jan., 1994.)

Sept., Let's Live, "Reflexology, The Sole of Health Care" by Patty Loverock, Reflexologists Lorraina Telepo and Dwight Byers are interviewed for this general article about reflexology.

Sept. 19, Publisher's Weekly, "Reading for Wellness; titles on alternative and healing are now crowding the bookshelves and novelty has given way to increasing professionalism" by Bella Stander,

Sept./Oct., Massage, "Foot Reflexology Takes a Walk around the World" by Karen Memehen, The work of Kevin and Barbara Kunz including a potential Chinese translation of The Complete Guide to Foot Reflexology (Revised) is discussed as well as other Kunz & Kunz internationally published books.

Oct. 10, Time, p. 78, A review of the movie "Pulp Fiction" says of the director, Quentin Tarrantino, "His tough guys chat about life's inequities, about hamburgers, the Bible, the ethics of foot massage, the perfidy of women."

Oct. 10, Newsweek, "The Redemption of Pulp," Movie Review, "(The character) Vincent plays escort to the mobster's wife, Mia (Uma Thurman), knowing her husband once threw a man out a window for giving her a foot massage."

Oct., Self, "Stress Relief on the Job" by Adele Edwards, "In most busy lives, it's hard to avoid the stress, but you can keep the physical side effects from taking their toll." A "Footie Roller" from the Body Shop is pictured as "If you need a little incentive for keeping your feet on the floor (Better for the back), try the mesmerizing wooden foot massager shown on the right."

Oct., "Pamper palaces," Los Angeles Magazine, Spa resorts in California and Arizona, v39, n10, p. S26

Nov., Self, "Time Together: The perfect Spa Vacation," An advertisement for the Green Valley Spa in southern Utah offers a "lower body reflexology treatment" with its weekly package.

Nov., Vogue, It is reported that Princess Diana visits a reflexologist weekly.

Nov., "America's best golf resorts," Golf Magazine, v36, n11, p. 44

Nov. 13, New York Times Magazine The Sophisticated Traveler, An advertisement for Canyon Ranch Spa in Lenox, Massachusetts includes a photo of hands working on feet with the heading "Feel pleasures in places you never knew existed (For instance, Lenox, Massachusetts)" Reflexology is included a one of the activities available.

Nov. 21, "Stressbusters," Forbes, Massage and other relaxation treatments, v154, n12, pS37

Nov. 25 (apprx.), The Arizona Republic, The organization Mensa is reported to be holding a national meeting in Phoenix. Included in the schedule of activities is a foot rubbing / stress reduction session. Members of Mensa are required to meet membership standards of a high IQ.

Nov., First, Article about hand reflexology.

Dec., Weight Watchers Magazine, "The power of touch," v27, n12, p. 22

Dec., "Town & Country's New York Holidays," Town and Country, Guide to visiting New York

Dec., McCalls, "Better Health &emdash; Cures for holiday hazards" by Gillian Judge, Readers are advised that Massage reduces swelling in sore feet (from Christmas shopping)." A foot rolling on a golf ball is pictured.

Dec., Allure, "Vacation Spas, From boot camp to Wild West outposts to luxury retreats, a guide to some of the best spas across the country," p. 218, It is noted of the Canyon Ranch spa in Arizona: "The well-balanced selection of fitness and treatment options (hot and cold pools, massage sessions, reflexology, and gym classes) outranks that at other spas."

Dec. 6, Albuquerque Journal, "Primped and Pampered, Massages, Facials, Body Wraps Nurture Away Holiday Stress" by Janelle Conaway. Article about day spas for relaxation during the holidays includes the East Meets West Clinic which provides reflexology services.

Dec. 13, Woman's World, "Alternative health" article includes one woman's successful experience at using reflexology to recover from a health problem.


Jan., Black Elegance, "Reflexology, Gorgeous Feet, Healthy Feet" by Diane Hendy

Jan., Denver Christian News, p. 7, "In defense of Reflexology" by Zachary Brinkerhoff III, "Reflexology lacks credible verification" by Phil Blair. "A two-part series concerning New Age Health Care was printed in the Denver Christian News in September and October of 1992. Reflexology, a controversial medical treatment, was mentioned in these articles. Due to the response we received concerning this subject, we are offering our readers the opposing viewpoints concerning Reflexology."

Feb. 18, San Francisco Chronicle, "Medicine: Old Ways New Again," p. B3, Holistic treatments catch on with the mainstream public" by Sylvia Rubin, "In a 1991 survey by Yankelovich Clancy Shulman on alternative health, 62 percent of Americans said they would consider seeking medical help from an alternative doctor or therapist if conventional medicine failed to help them. Forty-nine percent had done so in 1990." As part of the trend Reader's Digest includes "Discovering Reflexology" in its newly published "The Family Guide to Natural Medicine."

Feb. 21, Parade, p. 16, "Will Charles Lose the Crown?" by Anthony Sampson, An article about the British royal family includes the statement, Her (Quenen Elizabeth) son Prince Andrew had been humiliated by his wife, the Duchess of York, who was photographed having her toe sucked by her American boyfriend, Jon Bryan."

Feb. 22, Newsweek, A special advertising section for the PBS program "Healing and the Mind" with Bill Moyers includes an illustration showing areas on the soles of the feet.

Feb. 22, Vancouver Sun or Province, An advertisement for "Lakeside," a trendy condominium complex, is illustrated by a happy young couple sitting in the sun with the man rubbing the woman's feet.

Mar., Nail Pro, "Leader of the Pack, Shirley Thomas puts her God-given talents to good use as NTA's section director." by Barbara A. Owens, Profile of Shirley Thomas, director of Nail Technician's of America. The story details Thomas's use of reflexology in her pedicure work following her own successful use of reflexology for migraines twenty years ago.

Mar. 1, Time, "Dr. Jacobs' Alternative Mission" by Anastasia Toufexis, pp. 43-44, Reflexology is included as a side bar "Holistic Sampler" in an article about the head of the newly created Office of Alternative e Medicine at the National Institutes of Health. "Reflexology: Manipulating areas of the feet to affect the rest of the body. Feels great but no evidence that it works." v141, n9, p. 9

Mar. 3, Boston Globe, "Feed Your Face, Aestheticisms Say" by Julie Hatfield, p. 37, "Susan Ciminelliowns a day spa in midtown New York, to which fashion models such as Naomi Campbell, Cindy Crwford and Linda Enagelista head for skin treatments. In the course of studying Native American and East Indian herbology, meditation and ayurvedic medicine and Egyptian aromatherapy, Chinese reflexology and Tibetan Reiki, Ciminelli began eating seaweed, finding it rich in nutrients."

Unknown, "Ooh!, ouch! Ah, there's the rub" by Marcia Froelke Coburn, A reflexology class is featured in an article about the Chicago School of Massage.

Unknown, "The downtrodden feet, little-known ruler of many bodily ills" by Alan D. Haas, An article about dealing with foot problems includes comments by reflexologist Jane Gold of Mt. Kisco, New York.

Unknown, "Feet First, Revitalizing the body from the bottom up" by Jane Twyman Bessone, An article about reflexology includes interviews with Dwight Byers and Laura Norman and the fact that six Chicago are beauty salons will begin offering reflexology services at $60 per hour.

Mar., Delicious, "Healing and the Mind" by Gloria Bucco, p. 20, An article about Bill Moyers and his program "Healing and the Mind" includes a list of "Ten Alternative Medicine Techniques" and "Reflexology: A form of acupuncture based on the premise that massaging pressure points on the sole of the foot relieves stress in corresponding body parts."

Apr., Vanity Fair, p. 204, "Stone Goddess," Actress Sharon Stone is interviewed. She introduces her parents to the producer of her current movie, Howard Koch, by saying," 'Howard took good care of me when I came down with the flu when we were filming. He came in with the doctor and sat at the end of my bed and started holding my feet.' "… "'I'm like a Jewish mother anyway,' Koch confesses, 'so I sat there on the bed, and I'm rubbing her feet.' "

Apr., Vanity Fair, "Vanities: We Are a Camera," A tongue-in-cheek article notes how to become a "part-time paparazzo," photographer of celebrities. Included in "Typical Duties and Activities," "Mourn infrequency of toe-sucking royalty."

May, Mpls./St. Paul Magazine, "Fresh start: day spa beauty treatments." v21, n5, p. 58

May 18, San Jose Mercury News (California), p. 4F, "For Alternative Therapies, Bay Area Is Well-Centered" by Barbara Boughton, Reflexology is included as one of several modalities listed in a box that accompanies an article titled "As More Doctors Turn to Alternative Healing Practices, They are also referring more patients to such practitioners," "Reflexology - A type of healing focusing on the feet as the body's control panels. Practitioners work the big toe, for instance, to relieve a headache, and the inner bone structure of the entire foot for spinal and back problems. Patients say it feels wonderful, but again, there's no scientific evidence that it works."

June 23, Cincinnati Enquirer, Reflexologist Marcia Aschendorf is profiled.

June 25, Los Angeles Times, p. A3, "Diploma Honors Girl's Recovery, Teacher's Faith" by Hector Tobar, Twelve year old Esmerelda Pena was in a coma as a result of a car accident. "But her teacher, Jose Roberto Vasquez, never lost hope. Although nurses said she could not hear or see him, Vasquez took the bus to the hospital twice a day to hold her hand, massage her feet and whisper news of the upcoming graduation (of her sixth grade class). Fourteen days later, Esmerelda awoke."

Jul., Redbook, p. 63, "New Ways to Heal, Could a diet replace your prescription? Should you take herbs instead of antibiotics? A growing number of believers say such treatments are the answer." by Mark Stuart Gill, The cover of a foot reflexology book is included in books, charts, herbs and other "new ways to heal." A Japanese practice Jin Shin Jyutsu is said to be "Similar to Chinese reflexology, which involves foot massage, Jin Shin Jyutsu supposedly taps into the body's energy channels through the fingers and toes." v181, n3, p. 63

Jul., Vogue, "Beauty," A reporter visits the Susan Ciminelli Day Spa in New York and receives reflexology ($65) as one of the services. In response to the reporter's sensitivity in the midfoot, the reflexologist comments, "That's the adrenal gland. … Pain in the area of the adrenal gland is caused by chocolate, caffeine and stress."

Jul., Harpers Bazaar, "The root of the matter: scalp care."

Jul. 20, Star, "Palace pays Fergie $5m to keep her mouth shut" "Ironically the person responsible for the embattled duchess' victorious kiss-off is Johnny Bryon the toe-sucking Texas 'financial advisor'…"

Jul. 22, Evening Standard, "Confessions of a therapy junkie … As Princess Diana visits yet another alternative therapist, Caroline Phillips looks at why she, too, feels compelled to try every new treatment that comes along - no matter how bizarre," Listed in a side bar "Diana's Guide to Alternative Therapy" is reflexology "Yesterday it was revealed that the Princess has been having her feet massaged, stimulating the blood supply and nerves and relieving tension."

Jul. 22, Today, p. 7, "Body and Sole, Why Di's feet are made for healing everything from backache to asthma" by Dominic Midgley," Reflexology is the medical term for the secret tootsie-tickling session Di had undergone when she was pictured leaving the Oriental medical centre in Knightsbridge yesterday." A reflexology chart is included in this article about Princess Diana as well as comments by customers and practitioners.

Jul. 22, Daily Express, "Princess puts her best foot forward at clinic" by Jack Lee and Annie Leask, Princess Di escaped from the cares of the world yesterday with a soothing foot massage. She went to a plush London clinic for a session of her favorite alternative - reflexology."

Jul. 27, Star, "Fergie Breaks Her Silence: I Really Messed Up" "She (Fergie) discussed the international scandal she caused when photographs of her romping topless with her toe-sucking Texas Lothario, Johnny Bryan, were published."

Aug., Professional Nurse (England), "Reflexology - its place in modern healthcare" by Ingrid C. M. Sahai, 8 (11), Aug., 1993, pp. 722-5. Nurse Ingrid Sahai reviews the tenets of reflexology and concludes "Experience has shown that clients have been helped by reflexology after orthodox medicine had proved ineffective; it should therefore, be regarded as a complementary branch of orthodox medicine and, as such, fully integrated into patient care within the NHS (National Health Service)."

Aug., Working Woman, "The new sports spas (fitness Vacations)

Aug., Self, pp. 84-85, "30 soothing massage therapists" "In the world of alternative medicine, massage is the ultimate hands-on treatment. From ancient Oriental and Egyptian techniques such as shiatsu and reflexology to more recent practices like sports massage, the manipulation of body tissue by fingers, hands and forearms improves circulation, relieves tension, soothes muscles, improves muscle tone and decreases inflammation in the joints, thereby reducing pain

Aug., Cosmopolitan, p. 181, "Taking Care of Him (A Beauty Plan for Your Man)), Why not devote a summer day to pampering the prince? Turn his every inch soft and sexy with these highly creative spa treatments," Reflexology is included as a pampering technique. A full page color photo of a swimsuit-clad model working on a make foot accompanies the statement, "Sensual foot rub (actually called reflexology) acts as an aphrodisiac."

Aug., Working Woman, "The new sports spas," v18 n8, p. 54

Aug. 6, Chicago Tribune, "A Change of Tensed, Do You Feel the Driving Urge to Relax/" by Janet Ginsburg, A reporter samples methods of relaxation including reflexology.

Aug. 17, Globe, p. 23, "How Di's Toe Jobs Heel All Her Ills," A full color reflexology chart and a photo of a bare-footed Princess Diana accompany an article about the Princess and reflexology. "The thirty-two year old royal has been hot-footing it to her local reflexologist, who manipulates pressure points on her feet to five what ails her the boot …'But Diana's not the only one getting the rubdown - Fergie and the queen have tried it also.' "

Aug. 19, Dayton Daily News (Ohio), An article chronicles the work of reflexologist Diana Dayton.

Aug. 22, Parade, p. 2, "Personality Parade," A response to a question about Sarah Ferguson ends with the comment, "the fun-loving duchess continues to kick up her toes - when they're not being sucked by her wealthy friend from Texas, John Bryan."

Aug. 23 (received), Bay Guardian (San Francisco), "Ask Isodora," An advice column includes a question about working on the feet as a part of love-making. The answer includes information about "reflexology."

Aug. 29, Star, "Di Blows Her Top," An incident with a photographer and Princess Diana is reported. Included is the comment "She also has reflexology treatments where therapists manipulate pressure points on her feet."

Sept./Oct., Ventures Inward, "Inner Healing, The Self-Applied Health Enhancement Methods," Reflexology is include.

Sept./Oct., Massage, "Elma Bordwell, Reflexologist" by Robert Calvert, Spokane, Washington reflexologist Elma Bordwell reviews her thirty-four years of practice with Robert Calvert.

Oct., Parenting, p. 45, "MotherCare, Reflexology for Relaxation, Reduce Stress, Foot by Foot" by Stacey Colino, "More and more people (footsore and frazzled mothers among them) have come to rely on reflexology to calm their nerves and gain peace of mind; some claim it even relieves menstrual cramps or headaches." Laura Norman of New York City and Lorraina Telepo of Easton, Pennsylvania are interviewed. The president of the Health Information Research Institute is quoted as saying, "The procedure does not have scientific validity. … Rubbing a certain part of the foot won't help a person's hemorrhoids. But any form of touch can be part of the therapeutic process."

Oct. 12, Family Circle, p. 126, "A consumer's guide to the new medicine: Special Health Report" by Peter Jaret, In a survey of various alternative practices, the author concludes a discussion of reflexology with the comment, "A reflexology session costs between $25 and $50. But if you're seeking healing, you'd be smart to spend your money elsewhere."

Oct. 18, Newsweek, It is noted that Sarah Ferguson and "toe-sucking John Bryant" are no longer an item.

Oct. 24, Albuquerque Journal, p. G-1, "Shoe Shine Pros Deliver Service With Polish," Included in an article about shoe shine professionals are comments from Rizzo-Hise. "After a stint in Dallas learning the trade, plus a few lessons in negotiating contracts and starting franchises, she started The Great American Shoe Shine Co. Her shines differ from others, she said, because an in-the-shoe foot massage is part of the treatments."

Nov. 2, National Enquirer, It is reported that among those present as Marla Maples, companion of Donald Trump, gave birth is a foot reflexologist / massage therapist flown from California to Palm Beach Florida who provided "foot massage" during the birth.

Nov. 7, Miami Hearld, "Tropical spas Provide European-Style Pampering" by Rachel Jackson Christmas, "Not long ago serious pampering in the Caribbean was virtually limited to being handed a rum punch under a palm tree life-style spas are cropping up at island resorts and changing all that. We're not just talking massage and weight rooms and you. Special treatments such as Thalassotherpay, reflexology salt loofah rubs and aromatherapy make you fee l like royalty while Reggie dance or step classes and state-of-the-art exercise equipment keep you in shape."

Nov. 11, First, p. 34-37, "When traditional medicine fails … New Ways to Heal" by Leah Feldon-Mitchell, In a general article about alternative modalities, reflexology is included as one example. "Doctors may scoff at alternative medicine, but people are trying it anyway. Advocates think even more will turn to it in the future. … Reflexologists believe that for every part of your body, there's a corresponding spot on your foot. Stimulating the foot spot, they say, promotes a self-healing response. Their method involves massaging foot areas that correspond to the troublesome parts of your body."

Nov./Dec., Massage, "In Review, The Complete Guide to Foot Reflexology (Revised)" by Elma Bordwell, Veteran reflexologists Elma Bordwell of Spokane, Washington concludes her review by stating "I found this book very interesting and informative. I think it is an excellent contribution to the study and application of reflexology. As an advanced therapist I have benefited from reading this book. The information presented is clear, concise, and has proved to be very enlightening."

Dec., Harper's Bazaar, "The un-spas," n3385, p. 50

Dec., Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Dec., Country Living, "Winter break: health resorts." v16, n12, p. 56

Dec. 16, San Jose (CA) Mercury News by Zeke Wigglesworth, "Like vacation rough around the edges, try Bangkok," "Enter the Oriental Hotel in Bangkok, on everybody's list as the World's Best Hotel for the better part of a century … just got better. It has added a health spa and herbal treatment center… offer treatments ranging from Thai massage to reflexology, hydro-treatments, manicures, pedicures, makeup treatment and herbal body wraps. The whole complex is heavy with wood, gilt and expensive furnishings." (Reprinted in the Mar. 27, 1994 edition of the Chicago Tribune.)

Dec. 23, Forbes, "New support for old therapies, Establishment doctors who dismiss therapies like acupuncture and herbal healing as quackery might benefit from a second opinion on what is happening in the market place" by Richard Phalon, The author suggests that the established medical community pay attention to alternative medicine because of (1) "a clear drift of market forces." The New England Journal of Medicine article is cited as showing where consumers are spending their health dollars (with alternative practitioners), (2) "Recent establishment within the National Institute of Health of an Office of Alternative Medicine," (3) "Growing interest from health maintenance organizations and major insurance companies (the Ornish/Mutual of Omaha is mentioned among others.)

The article concludes, "If some old-line physicians are feeling crowded, they don't have to look too far for the reasons. For all its manifest success, American medicine has become outrageously expensive and highly fragmented, with too many specialists focusing on different components of the same anatomy. Nor can conventional medicine cure everybody's ailments. For all these reasons it should come as no surprise that alternative medicine continues to make inroads."

Unknown, Ashkenzai, R, "Multidimentional Reflexology," International Journal of Complementary Medicine, 11(6):8-12, YR 1993

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Jan., Cosmopolitan, "The Relaxation Business … Unwinding in the Nineties" by Jim Gerard, v212, n1, p. 56, "Foot notes: a step-by-step report," p. 162

Jan. 16, Tri-Valley Herald (Livermore, CA), "Presentation offers free foot massage," Danville, CA reflexologist Leslie Custer offers a presentation on reflexology.

Jan. 25, The Denver Post, "Sole Healing, Pain disappears when reflexologist massages foot, but scientific basis disputed" by Ed Will, p. E-1, Denver area reflexologist Zachary Brinkerhoff is profiled. The National Council against Health Fraud is quoted as saying that it has been proven that reflexology does not work.

Jan. 27, Toledo Blade, "Putting on the Pressure" by Sally Vallongo, The work of Toledo reflexologist Linda Schaub is profiled with an interview by Kevin Kunz.

Feb., Cosmopolitan, "The art of massage," v212, n2, p. 140

Feb., Town and Country, pp. 44-46, "Beauty Talk: The Hip Way to Health, Skeptical but sporting, the Banker follows Jane into the New Age." Laura Norman's services are included in an article about introducing the man in the columnist's life to New Age "Fabulous Fonts for February."

Feb. 9, Chicago Tribune, "Feet first, Revitalizing the body from the bottom up' by Lisa Twyman Bessone, Reflexologist Laura Norman is interviewed about her work. The six locations of the Mario Trioci Salons in Chicago now offer $60-an-hour reflexology sessions.

Mar. 16, The Detroit News, p. 2C "Woman has feet as focus of health, Massage: Southfield woman says ancient art of reflexology can heal body's woes" by Hugh McCann, p. 2C, The 30 year work of work of Irene Gauthier, Southfield, Michigan reflexologist and massage therapist, is chronicled. She notes that her family in Finland

Mar. 31, Daily Mail (national British newspaper), "Treatment at a touch, How feeling the feet can help keep illness at bay," by Georgia Metcalfe, Mother Metcalfe writes about her experience taking her son to a reflexologist when he failed to pass an eight-month hearing test.

Apr., American Health, The editors of American Health respond to complaints about the magazine's March, 1991 article "Quack, Quack." In the article alternative health practices including reflexology are presented as false concepts. The article is part of a book published by Consumer Reports and authored by a member of the National Council against Health Fraud. (See also Mar., 1991, Aug., 1991, Mar. 6, 1989)

May, Ladies Home Journal, "Stepping Out" by Jessica Vartoughian, Owner of Jessica Nail Clinic, Reflexology is included as a part of a one hour "Perfect Pedicure." "Add more cream and massage the feet for about ten minutes each. Foot massage, or reflexology, is a standard part of salon pedicures. Each part of the foot corresponds to a part of the body. There are seventy-two thousand nerves in the body, and all of them end in your feet."

May, Health & Beauty Salon (England), Reflexology is reviewed.

May 3, Albuquerque Journal, Walgreens Mothers Day Advertisement contains an ad for the Pinnacle Foot Massager.

May 8, The New Mexican (Santa Fe, NM), "Masking Scents of Odor Therapy" by Candelora Versace, The work of aromatherapist and day spa owner Marlene Ericksen-Lennon is described as including reflexology.

May 8, The Examiner (Barrie, Ontario), "Sore neck? Try rubbing your feet" by Giselle Winton, p. 12, The work of reflexologist Susan Hewitt is reviewed.

May/June, East-West Natural Health, "Alternative Therapies" by B. Thomson 22(3):68-71

June, Vogue, "Beauty Takeout," The author experiments with service providers who come to her home, including a cosmetologist, a pedicurist and a masseuse. At-home reflexology services are included as one of the available services. Prices for a one hour session range from $120 in New York City to $65 in Dallas, Texas.

June, McCall's, "Amazing Little Energizers," p. 152, Put your feet first" The article notes that the average person walks the circumference of the globe four times in a life time. The article suggests that the feet be massaged.

June, Elle, "Relax: The new day spa, Therapy for mind, body and spirit" by Mary Lisa Gavenes, p. 88, As one of its services the Skin Spa in Encino, California offers "Spa à Trois," 90 minutes of service by two technicians offering "a full body shampoo, simultaneous reflexology and a scalp massage followed by a full body massage."

June, American Health, "Letters to the Editor," Tina Jones of Owen Crossroads, Alabama writes the magazine to defend reflexology from comments "that it is seemingly ridiculous" made in an April article about alternative health.

June 4, Boston Globe, "Start Making Scents" by John Robinson, "Naturally, some people lump aromatherapy in with other exotic enthusiasms like astrology and reflexology and medical authorities continue to warn people who are ill that it can be decidedly dangerous to your health to rely on unprotected and procedures that proclaim unjustifiable therapeutic claims. Fair enough. But certainly there can be no harm in having someone rub cypress oil into your cellulite." p. 73

June 9, Examiner, "De Feet Defeat De Pain, It's the method top celebrities use," "'Reflexology cuts pain in half or removes it completely,' "says Dr. Howard van Patton. "Dr. van Patton, former associate professor of anesthesiology at the state university of New York, says the amazing treatment is based on a theory

June 21, San Jose (California) Mercury News, p. 10T, "Aye, Here's The Rub: In Hotels, You May Choose your Massage," by Michael Iachetta of the New York Daily News, Reflexology is included as one of the different kinds of massage offered at spas. "Unique treatments at the Meadowood Resort in Napa Valley, and at the Peabody Orlano, feature Reflexology, a foot massage similar to acupressure that uses pressure points to treat a variety of other sites on the body."

Jul., Mademoiselle, "The Touching Truth," p. 141

Jul., Nails, "The Nails File,", p. 18, "Reflexology Slide Show Features Fanciful Feet," Reflexologist Coral Markle of Woodland Hills, CA is profiled as presenting a program to members of the Foot Reflexology Awareness Association. "Markle says another kind of pampering, foot reflexology, helped her recover from three strokes and helped her deal with multiple sclerosis. "Reflexology helped me move and get back on my feet - and off, as I now sky dive on a regular basis," she says.

Jul 31, Dan's Papers, "Fitness & Health,: Foot Reflexology" by Laura Sue Brockway, Laura Norman's work is profiled. Radio shock talk host Howard Stern is said to call Laura "foot lady."

Aug., New Body, Reflexology: healing through the feet," p. 54, Laura Norman and Dwight Byers are interviewed.

Aug. 21, The Ottawa (Canada) Sun, "Tootsie Rolls" by Heather Bird, The work of reflexologist Lisa Brown is profiled.

Aug. 20, Health Works (England) "Big Toes Take Some Licking, How Mellor's mistress and Fergie have found a new world of pleasure at their feet," "First it was David Mellor's former mistress Antonia de Sancha. And then this week, the Duchess of York was said to have indulged in it with her financier friend Johnny Bryan. Toe sucking is all the rage - and with good reason."

Aug. 22, Daily Express (England), "Toetal pleasure, Learn how to sock it to your partner" by Rachel Simpson, "Usually they are kept decently covered up. They can be inclined to knobbliness - perhaps even worse - and they've become this summer's new erogenous zone. Yes, that's right. We're talking about toes." Following the publication of photographs of Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York, having her foot nuzzled by an admirer, tabloids in England have linked reflexology to what they call "Sucking toes can help stimulate sensitive nerve endings for a natural high."

Aug. 25, Las Vegas (Nevada) Review Journal, "Reflexology relieves aches, pains" by Joan Burkhart Whitely, The work of Nevada reflexologists Hoss Wiley and Sharon Belsher is profiled.

Unknown, British, "Feet First, From sinus problems to menstrual cramps, the ancient art of reflexology can help get rid of your body of nagging ailments, discovers Janine di Giovanni"

Unknown, British, "Reflexology - a treatment for the whole body, A look at the origins, and what to expect, of this popular natural therapy"

Sept., Elle, "The Waiting Game: Bringing Up Mama, With all their attention focused on a new baby, mothers-to-be often neglect themselves. But being pregnant calls for some serious self-indulgence," p. 231, Massage and reflexology are listed as two ways of boosting self-esteem and self-nurturing for pregnant women. Laura Norman is quoted reflexology can help reduce swelling, lessen back strain - even alleviate morning sickness."

Sept. 6, Star-News (Los Angeles, CA), "Relax, take a deep breath or stress can get to you, Conventional, unconventional at cancer event" by Kathy Braidhill, p. 3, Foot Reflexology Awareness Association members Andy Bukovitz and Drena Forester are pictured working on feet at the 20th Annual Cancer Convention at the Pasadena Hilton. "'It helps relieve tension by stimulating different nerve endings in the soles of the feet,' said Warren Pierpoint, 62, of Pasadena. "It's not being discovered, it's being re-discovered' from practitioners in Egypt circa 2300 B. C., China and Germany, said Gwen Dara, a reflexologist whose name was framed by a name tag shaped like - what else - a foot print."

Sept. 15, Albuquerque Journal (New Mexico), "A Treat for Her Feet," An Albuquerque 11-year-old is pictured using a "Footsie Wootsie" vibrating machine at the New Mexico State Fair in Albuquerque. The coin operated, sit down machine costs 25¢. The vibrating foot plate appears to be a refurbished version of a machine used at the Los Angeles County Fair in Pomona, California in 1984. (See Sept. 22, 1984)

Sept. 28, USA Today, "The disposable duchess, NBC movie weighs in on the fairy tale gone awry" by Donna Gable, "Pippa Hinchley, the Brit who portrays Fergie blames those tabloid shots of toe sucking." for the reason why the Duchess of York is no longer popular with the public."'She may have thought she could carry on as she'd like and have a title. Now wouldn't that be the perfect life? "But in all fairness, she adds, 'Sarah stepped into a fairy tale and awakened to a nightmare. "'And now that she's obviously out of the royal family, whoever happens to be sucking her toes at any given time is nobody's business but her own.' "

Sept. 29, Daily Mail (England), "Does your outer self reveal inner health?" by Louise Atkinson. Reflexology is included as one of eight alternative therapies in the article. "We asked three guinea pigs to discover if therapies which rely on sight and touch can really offer diagnosis of internal ills." "Verdict (on reflexology): "The session wasn't particularly relaxing or pleasant, her caring manner wasn't enough to convince me. I wanted physical evidence of accuracy … None of her diagnoses rang true but the bladder reflex had me jumping off the couch in pain.'"

Sept./Oct., Health Digest (England), pp. 55-56, "Mind & Body &endash; Footloose, Whether it is for relaxation or relief from a sore point, working on the feet promotes health."

Oct., Runners World, "Defining chiropractic, v27, n10, p. 20

Oct., Ladies Home Journal, "Great Escapes,: autumn activities and vacations,"

Oct. 8, The Independent (England), "Nun's footwork helps homeless," "Colette Flynn, a nun and former biology teacher, is taking a holistic approach to helping homeless people. … "Two afternoons a week Sister Flynn visits a hostel in Norwich city centre where, as a trained reflexologist, she massages the residents' feet, a process which 'helps the body normalize itself.' … "She has observed that many of the young men at the hostel have very attractive feet. 'I think feet are wonderful,' she says.'They are full of character. You can tell a lot about a person from their feet.'

Nov. 6, Albuquerque Journal (New Mexico), "Alternative Medicine a Growing Industry in Britain" by Randi Hutter Epstein, p. B4, "Physicians and complementary healers say its popularity has been fueled by growing dissatisfaction with the National Health Service, increasing awareness of the limitations of Western medicine, and the back-to-nature trend of the'90's." "People are getting despondent in terms of doctors, they hear bad press about drugs, and they see they're not getting the care they should at NHS," said Lisbeth Giampaolo, manager of Esprit the Club. It offers reflexology and a form of Chinese meditation."

Nov. 15, Parade Magazine (Albuquerque Journal), "So Sex, Please … We're British," The publication of the Madonna book Sex was greeted with a yawn in Britain. "The British it seems, are blase about such sexual matters as toe-sucking, which is depicted in Madonna's book. This digital diversion already has been associated with 'Fergie,' the Duchess of York &endash; who was photographed with her companion and 'financial adviser,' John Bryan, kissing her foot. And there are stories that a toe-sucking Spanish actress was involved in the recent resignation of David Mellor, a cabinet minister. … So the British just yawned when Madonna told her Daily News interviewer: 'The feet are very sensitive &endash;as long as they're clean. They're the most sensitive part of your body.' "

Nov., Which (England), "Food and Health Alternative Medicine," Reflexology, aromatherapy and herbalism are briefly profiled.

Nov., Self

Nov., Denver Medical Journal, p. 28, Ad for "Modern Percussion Reflexology," Full page, full color ad for Afoot Connection in a health and medical newspaper.

Dec. 11, Albuquerque Journal, "Manhattan Dating Network Matches New Age Singles" by Monte Williams, p. B5, Conscious Singles Connection, a Manhattan-based New Age dating network, is noted as matching singles who share New Age values. The customers submit a profile for others singles to look over. "On his own profile, Lakso noted that his main pursuit was 'reflexology' &endash; a type of foot massage that some believe balances the body's systems."

Dec. 11, Albuquerque Journal, "Who's To Blame for Charles and Di's Split'" by Karen Heller, p. B-2, "Andrew and Sarah split in March, though she has since found employment as a topless Page Three Girl, creating an effective array of artistic poses with an accomplished toe-sucker from Texas."

Dec. 16, Los Angeles Times, "Sylvia" by Nicole Hollander, The cartoon strip character Sylvia writes "An open Letter to our New Women Senators … I understand they're going to build you a bathroom right near the Senate Chamber, just like the guys have. Of course, as women, your first impulse is to humbly accept a purely functional lavatory. Suppress that fiscally responsible thought! Insist on a jacuzzi, a waterfall, an on-staff reflexologist. Go for it!"

Dec. 19, 1992 - Jan. 4, 1993, People, "Love and Hisses, Meet the Achiest, Breakiest and Let-Them-Eat Cakiest Couples of the Year," In a summary of the year's events in romance, the article says "… Let's raise a toast to the amorous excesses of'92, which we celebrate with a peek at 25 couples who made our hearts &endash; and our headlines &endash; exceptionally warm." An additional section of the article is "When Passion Is Afoot." The article summarizes the toe-sucking events of the year. It also includes a photo of Madonna sucking a big toe from her book Sex, a picture of the "Fergie's Toe" lollipop now being sold in England, and a photo of Prince Albert of Monaco kissing some toes.

Dec. 21 - 28, Women's Wear Daily, "Feet First, With some 70,000 nerve endings are surely among the most sensitive of body parts. Why not treat your tootsies to a little stress-busting reflexology?" by Dana Wood, pp. 30-31, New York reflexologist Laura Norman; Susan Ciminelli, spa owner/reflexologist, Francoise Brunette, fitness center director; Jessica, owner of Jessica Nails in Beverly Hills are interviewed. Sceptics Horst Rechelbacher, founder and chief executive officer of Aveda, and Dr. Steven Sheskier of New York's Hospital for Joint Disease are quoted.

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Jan., AAA World, "Ah! Those Fabulous Spas" by Ellen Mansoor Collier, pp. 24-25, Reflexology is listed as a service offered at the Lake Austin Resort in Austin, Texas.

Jan., Essence, All you need to know about spas, an inside look at three types of spas &emdash; weight loss, New Age, and luxury. Includes information on how to cut spa costs., 21, n9, p. 17

Jan. 2, Coquitlam Now (British Columbia, Canada), "Ancient healing art now called reflexology," The work of Port Moody reflexologist Yvette Eastman is profiled.

Jan. 27, San Jose Mercury News, "Where to take the waters in Mexico" by Stephen Birnbaum, p. 2T, Among a list of spas in Mexico, the Rancho Rio Calibents in Rio Caliente is listed as offering reflexology among its services.

Jan 27, San Jose Mercury News, "Victorian -Era Resort Is a Mecca for Health and Fitness Buffs" by Sheila Anne Feeney (New York Daily News), The Sagmore resort in Lake George, New York includes among its services reflexology. THe article begins with "The earnest upstart was explaining how each time he applied pressure under my instep or between my toes, he was really touching my spleen or sinuses. In foot reflexology, said the handsome 25-year-old, each spot on your feet corresponds to another part of the body. "The principles explained by the masseuse of awesome upper-body strength made me wonder "Could a less principled reflexologist use the feet as joysticks to regulate the body's other pleasure centers? Curious as I was, I didn't have the guts - or should I say, the metatarsal arch - to bring it up in the dimly lit room with tinkling music."

Jan 27, San Jose Mercury News, "Work Off the Excess in Opulent Floating Gyms" by Arlene Bleecker (Knight-Ridder Newspapers), Reflexology is listed a s one of many "exotic body treatments" now offered on some cruise ships.

Feb., Which? Way to Health (British health magazine), "Reflexology, Are your feet a guide to the state of your health? Reflexologists claim that foot massage can detect, treat and prevent ill health." pp 6 -8, A general article about reflexologys includes tips from five people sent by the magazine to try reflexology. Their tips "Talk to or even meet the reflexologist before you make an appointment. Only choose someone with whom you feel comfortable; Be prepared to talk openly about your life-style and health history; It you're a hypochondriac, the session could worry you. Always ask the reflexologist whether you should see a doctor if any' problem areas' are detected."

Feb., Self, "New Ways to Heal, High-tech medicine meets age-old wisdom," pp. 95-101, Reflexology is included as one of the "therapies represent(ing) the major forms of holistic health care. In general they are most valuable when used as complements to conventional medical care."

Feb., Shape, p. 100, "Shape's Relaxation Guide," Studies show that regular, organized relaxation is an integral part of total fitness. Start now with this practical guide to stress relief.," By Judith Lazarus, Reflexology is listed as a type of massage. The comment on reflexology is "Reflexology is based on the theory that sensitive spots on the feet are connected to internal organs via nerves. Supposedly, by placing pressure on those spots you can alleviate physical ailments, though a 1980 study by the National Council Against Health Fraud failed to support such claims." (The 1980 study has never been published. It was actually a class project at Loma Linda University in California. Reflexologist Robert Darby of Riverside, CA was tested for his ability to assess through reflexology an individual's medical diagnosis.) (See also Mar., 1991, Aug., 1991, Mar. 6, 1989)

Feb., Healthy Eating (British health magazine), pp. 34-35, "Your Health at Your Feet, the Ancient Art of Reflexology" by Janet Pleshette

Feb., MPI's Dynamic Chiropractic, p. 16, "Viewpoint: The State of Our Art, The Art of Chiropractic Adjustment: Part 1" by R. C. Schafer, Reflexology is one of the "applications" mentioned that are valuable in "chiropractic management" but the author cautions that "certain basics seem to have been lost in the teaching of 'technic' during the last decade or so.

Feb. 12, Weekly World News, front cover and pp. 4-5,"Bottom of Your Foot Tells Your Fortune, How long you'll live, how rich you'll be and what Cupid has in store for you!" by Hugh Meredith. Karin Reidler, the author of Foot Reading - The Art of Finding Yourself Through Your Feet" is interviewed. "Her book on foot-reading (palmistry of the foot) caused an immediate sensation and has sold a million copies in Europe in the last six months alone." The author "launched her career as a palmist in Vienna in the 1950's … She began the study of the feet in 1986 and found that certain patterns correspond to the to the influences that shape a person's life and can accurately predict health, life span, financial and romantic potentials and character and personality traits."

Mar., American Health, p. 62, "Quack, Quack" by Stephen Barrett, Reflexology is included in an article about quacks. "Be wary of methods characterized as 'alternative.' The practitioners of homeopathy, naturopathy, iridology, reflexology, nutritional medicine and other alternative approaches often claim that their methods are 'natural and nontoxic' and offer none of the complications of drugs and surgery. Some treatments that are described as nontoxic are nothing of the sort. For example Laetrile, a purported cancer therapy, contains cyanide and is known to have poisoned people." (Adapted from Health Schemes, Scams and Frauds by Stephen Barrett and the editors of Consumer Reports, Consumer Reports Books, 1990) (See also Feb., 1991, Aug., 1991, Mar. 6, 1991)

Mar., Vogue, pp. 403-405, "footwork, Much more than a supporting player, the foot has long been the focus of fashion, folly, and fancy" by Jody Shields, The article surveys the foot throughout history including fascinating foot facts such as: "The Greeks, Romans and Egyptians fixed the height of their statues at 6 times the length of the foot. The small foot has long been lauded as the beautiful ideal. Even better was the small foot with a high arch, a physical proof of good breeding. The Spanish devised a kind of aristocratic road test: if a thin stream of water could flow under a woman's foot without wetting her arch, she was considered wellborn."

Mar., Health Freedom News, pp. 35-37, "a close look at reflexology, Health Freedom News Interviews Reflexology Expert Anna Kaye in her San Francisco Office with Interesting Results," by James F. Scheer, An interview with Anna Kaye details her thirty year career. The eighty-four year old Anna is the author with Don Matchen of Mirror of the Body, Strawberry Press, San Francisco, 1981. (See also Nov., 1973)

Mar., Lear's, pp. 50-51, "There's the Rub: A Guide to Body Work, from Massage to Reflexology, how to get the most out of hands-on therapies" by Holly Reich, New York City reflexologist and author of Feet First Laura Norman is interviewed about reflexology.

Mar., Lear's, pp. 60-61, "Coming Clean: the Art of the Facial, Sybaritic sessions that leave the skin smooth as silk and the psyche mellow" by Linda Dyett, Reflexology is listed as a part of a facial service at Beverly Hills and Westwood, CA salons. After a facial and a reflexology session "points out one devotee you won't need sex for a long time afterward. "

Mar. 10, Boston Globe, "A Peek at the Real Mexico&emdash; from a Spa," by Bella English, With a week at a Mexican spa as a Christmas present, a reporter samples sap life with a choice of a "spa Program" that includes service such as reflexology.

Mar. 13, San Jose Mercury News, "The Four Basic Types" by Kelly L. Williams, p. 3E, The accompaniment to another article (p. 1E) states that "There are 15 types of massage techniques, with Swedish, Shiatsu, deep tissue and reflexology being the four most common are Reflexology concentrates on working with pressure points, These points are located in the feet, ears and hands and correspond to vital organs and glands in the body."

Apr., East West Journal, p. 106, Advertisement for Zonoflex, rubber soles with movable pegs created by New Zealand osteopath and acupuncturist W. M. G. Beetz, promises "Reflexology Made Easy."

Apr., New Woman, "A spa for all seasons," p. 102, Reflexology is listed as a service available at many spas.

Apr., Massage, Review of the book Reflexology, Art, History and Science by Chris Issel; Report about the November, 1990 Conference of the Pennsylvania Reflexology Association.

Apr., Dermascope, p. 58, "Reflexology, An Avenue to Stress Reduction" by Chris Issel, A general introduction to reflexology for the cosmetologist is presented.

Apr. 28, The New York Times, Advertisement for department store Bergdorf-Goodman's beauty shop offering reflexology services for $50 per hour.

May 22, Ft. Wayne News Sentinel (Indiana), "Foot Soldiers, Reflexologists battle the skeptics, but eve doubters say the practice has its benefits" by Kathleen P. Crowe, The work of Ft. Wayne reflexologist Mona Beesley is reviewed. Reflexologists in the Ft. Wayne area are noted to charge $20 to $35 for a 30 minute to one hour session.

Summer, Mothering, "Care and Feeding of Baby's Feet" by Denise Porretto, "Nourishing your baby's feet includes touching them, loving them, and teaching your child to love them too. 'Handle your child's feet so he knows they're fun and beautiful,' says (Carolyn) Worthing, (physical therapist and Feldenkrais therapist)." The recommendation for more information includes Kunz and Kunz foot reflexology charts and books.

Jul., Vogue, "Serious Spas," Reflexology is mentioned as a service available at a Texas spa.

Jul. 15, Albuquerque Journal, "Rubdown, More People Trying Massages for Pain, Stress" by Steve Brewer, Reflexology is listed as a massage modality in an article about the local A. M. T. A. Certified school, New Mexico School of Natural Therapeutics, "Reflexology: Another modality that deals with energy fields, foot reflexology is based on the idea that pressure points on the feet correspond to organs in the body. By massaging the feet, the therapist can affect breathing, digestion and the bodily process, (Charlie) Brown (Co-owner of the school) said. … "A related method called kinesiology is a full-body reflexology designed by chiropractors, Brown said. Under such a method, the therapist will work on a pressure point on one part of the body with the idea that it will affect some other portion."

Jul. 25, Evening Standard (National British newspaper), "Jessica is learning reflexology. She's two. Mummy wants her to be a whole person, Caroline Phillips visits London's only holistic nursery, where reflexology and organic lunches are on the syllabus," "These are little people at Little People, London's first- and only - holistic nursery school, where they have daily massage from a grown-up and reflexology and organic lunches, along with a combination of Montessori and traditional education. Where touch is allocated as much time as pre-reading, pre-writing and play.

Jul. 29, San Diego Tribune, p. C-1, "Toeing the reflexology line, Foot massage said to relieve variety of bodily complaints" by Jack Williams, Reflexologists Bobbi Warren and Kevin Kunz are interviewed.

Aug. 4, Lompoc Record (California), p. A-6, "Foot reflexology might not be all in the head" by Andrea Moret, Reflexologists Muff and Bobbi Warren are interviewed.

Aug., Elle, p. 166, "Heart & Soles, Sex and the Naked foot," Reflexologist Lissie Willoughby is included in an article about feet. "'No one's really scientifically proven how reflexology works,' admits Lissie Willoughby, the New York reflexologist favored by doctors, dancers and others in the types of high pressure professions that keep them on their toes."

Aug., Vegetarian Times, pp. 49-56, 59, 88, "Health Fraud Cops, Are the quack busters consumer advocates or medical McCarthyites?" by Sharon Bloyd-Peskin, Reflexology is listed as a topic of interest to the National Council Against Health Fraud. (See also Feb., 1991, Mar., 1991, Mar. 6, 1989)

Sept., Here's Health (British health magazine), "Meet our Achievers," The magazine tells the stories of the six individuals it decided exemplified health achievement for 1991. Included is Ian Murphy who credits reflexology with saving his leg, severely injured in a car accident.

Sept., 3, Family Circle, p. 49,"36 Ways to De-Stress Your Life," The hands and feet are the targets for 3 of "8 Spot Tension Relievers" in an article about "Stress Busters." A "hand massage" or similar techniques applied to the foot are suggested as a "good vitalizers." A spot in the webbing of the hand is listed as good to squeeze for headaches.

Sept. 23, US News & World Report, "Big claims, no proof, Wonder cures from the fringe" v111, n13, p. 77

Oct. 3, Albuquerque Journal, "Magazine Finds Wild Solutions to Urban Problems" by Richard Hampson, An October article from Metropolis magazine is profiled. Architects, designers and other urbanites were asked "how to fix one thing about the city that drives them crazy." Industrial designer "Wendy Brawer would encourage cycling and walking by building bicycle-powered vending carts to serve as human power stations." Among other things such as sun screen, tire patch kits and bandages a foot massage machine would also be available.

Nov. 4, Time, pp. 68-76, "The New Age of Alternative Medicine, Why New Age Medicine Is Catching On: Fed up with surgery, drugs and quick fixes from their doctors, Americans are turning to an array of alternative therapies ranging from the believable to the bizarre" by Claudia Willis, pp. 68 - 76

"… In terms of credibility they (alternative therapies) run the gamut from the generally accepted - acupuncture for pain relief; to the plausible - inhaling eucalyptus to open the sinuses (aromatherapy); to the frankly bizarre - having the middle of your right foot manipulated to improve your liver function (reflexology) p. 68

A caption accompanying a picture of a reflexologist at works states, "Reflexology: The feet are the body's control panels. Work the big toe to relieve the headache, the left arch for bellyache. Therapists say they are clearing 'pathways.' Patients say it feels good." p. 70

"Reflexology, Manipulating areas on the feet to effect the rest of the body." (Reflexology is positioned at the end of a limb on a chart describing "Alternative Medicine, Some therapies have more credibility than others. Those that are more mainstream appear toward the bottom of each list; those at the fringe are positioned farther out on the limbs.") p. 72

"… Greer Jonas does reflexology with some aromatherapy thrown in; she is also licensed for Swedish massage. … Jonas says she tries to clear pathways and offer comfort, but 'it's a little tricky to say that reflexology is actually going to cure anything.'

"Reflexologist claim that the therapy dates back to at least 2330 B. C. and is depicted in a wall painting in an Egyptian tomb. It's a familiar theme. Egyptology figures in the credentials of a number of alternative therapies, as do claims that the British royal family are loyal patients."

"A sceptic accustomed to conventional medicine quickly misplaces all familiar landmarks when trying to assess the possible medical value of such treatments. Surely the notion that your entire body can be treated via the feet stretches credence to the breaking point - especially when you consider that chiropractors say the same thing about the spine, while iridologists (yes, another specialty) say the eyes are the window to your inner health." p. 73

Nov. 5, Family Circle, p. 110, An article about "Indulge Yourself" includes instructions to "Massage tired tootsies with cream. Use circular motions from sole to instep."

Nov. 9, Chicago Defender, "reflexology activates the body's healing powers," Reflexologist Lucy McMillan of El Myra's Spa is profiled.

Nov. 18, LA Life (LA, CA), An advertisement for a new shoe insert by a Dr. Kinney of Sweden Includes information about reflexology as a physical therapy system in Sweden.

Nov. 25, Time, "Letters to the Editor," A consumer writes in response to the Nov. 4 article to comment that she has found reflexology to be among the more valid New Age modalities.

Dec. 6, The News-Sentinel, (Ft. Wayne, IN), "Gee, Hon, You Shouldn't Have" by Carol Tannehill, What to get hubby for Christmas includes the gift suggestion of a day of complete relaxation at the floatation Center which offers foot reflexology for $25 among other services.

Dec., Self, "What reflexology can do for you" by Beth Livermore

Dec., Vogue, "Holistic (Beauty) Treatments," p. 178, Foot reflexology is mentioned as part of the beauty treatment offered at two beauty therapy locations, LePli of Cambridge, MA and the Skin Spa of Encino, CA

Dec. 24, Lubbock Avalanche Journal (Lubbock, TX), "Have an earache? Just rub your little toe" by Danette Baker, The work of Lubbock reflexologist J. W. Hough is reviewed.

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Jan. 5, Bangor Daily News (Maine), "Feet are the heart of the matter" by Jeanne Curran, Orono reflexologist Jeanne Best is interviewed. "By putting pressure on the reflexes, you activate healing in the corresponding place in the body." she said, "That energy, that stimulation has a reaction. It's like throwing a rock in a pool of water. There's a response in the body."

Jan., N Magazine, Article includes reflexology and Feet First by Laura Norman.

Feb., Nailpro, pp. 46-50, 54, 100-101, "Rubbing Your Customers the Right Way, An ancient technique promises nail technician modern-day profitability" by LaTressa Costello, The premier issue of a magazine launched by Creative Age discusses the business of reflexology as a service provided by nail technicians. Interviews with Kevin Kunz and Laura Norman note training and professional concerns. The article states that many nail care schools now include reflexology. "Helya Ruth, a nail technician and reflexologist for more than 20 years, began incorporating reflexology into her manicures and pedicures almost from the start. 'The writing was on the wall,' she says, "It would be incredibly foolish not to include it. You already have clients in the salon, you have a good relationship with them and they trust you. It would be almost cruel not to introduce them to this fabulous service.' "

Feb., Model, Article includes reflexology and Feet First by Laura Norman.

Feb., New Woman, Article includes reflexology and Feet First by Laura Norman.

Feb., East-West Journal, Article includes reflexology and Feet First by Laura Norman.

Mar./Apr., NCAHF Newsletter, p. 5, "Fringe Nursing (promotion of 'complementary therapies' such as massage, aromatherapy, reflexology, herbalism)."

Mar., Beauty Digest, Article includes reflexology and Feet First by Laura Norman.

Spring, Woman Magazine, Article includes reflexology and Feet First by Laura Norman.

Apr., American Health, p. 22, "Fitness of Body and Mind, Body and sole; all foot massage has feel-good properties. Reflexology claims to make a deeper difference" by Linda Troiano

Apr., Good Housekeeping, EpiPed advertisement, "Ask me to relax and I'll show you my foot. Place your feet into EpiPed and you'll do more than relax, you'll feel a million miles away. EpiPed has a unique StimuNode in the middle that lets you enjoy the benefits of reflexology, an ancient science whereby parts of the feet can help revitalize the rest of you. Not to mention, it'll keep your feet soft, smooth and beautiful too."

Apr., Glamour, p. 39, "One Day Spa," Foot work illustrates article about the one day spa. p. 69, "Help for painful heels" The short article is illustrated by a photo of a foot being rolled across a Coke can. (A Coke bottle was commonly used in the 1930's to roll feet.)

p. 87, EpiPed advertisement, A full page advertisement for "EpiPed" pictures multiple feet

"There's a way to feel wonderful all over by simply indulging your feet. That's the inspiration behind EpiPed. "You'll notice a special bump in the middle of the foot bath called a Reflexology StimuNode. Reflexology is the ancient belief that reflex zones in the body are stimulated by applying pressure to certain points in your feet. At the same time, your feet can languish in the sensual pleasures of EpiSentia Foot Care Products that further cleanse, exfoliate and Moisturize. So your feet will feel great and look soft and smooth, too."

p. 144, "Private Time, Couple Time," Reflexology is discussed as a "knead out pressure treat."

Apr., Vogue, EpiPed advertisement (See Apr., Glamour, p. 87)

Apr., Harper's Bazaar, EpiPed advertisement (See Apr., Glamour, p. 87)

Apr., ABC Home Show & Newsletter, Article featuring reflexology and Feet First by Laura Norman.

Apr., Child Magazine, Article includes reflexology and Feet First by Laura Norman.

May, Home & Country (British magazine of the Women's Institute), "Secrets of the Sole, The ancient therapy of reflexology is enjoying a revival" by Janet Pleshette, In a general article on reflexology Dr. William Fitzgerald is reported to have worked on an opera singer at a dinner party to demonstrate that she could hit the high notes after his specific pressure on her foot. He succeeded.

May, Sunset, pp. 80-81, Advertisement for Garuda Indonesia Airlines, "In Bali, the firedancer tramples barefoot over hot coals for health reasons. Every Balinese believes his village is occasionally visited by evil spirits which can cause sickness. Fortunately there's one sure way to get rid of them. With a firedance. To begin the firedancer must fall into a deep trance, so that a powerful 'good spirit' can enter his body. Then, donning a horse costume her prances back and forth over glowing coconut husks. Sending red sparks flying. When the dance is over, he is gently brought out of the trance by the village priest. Unharmed." (The Balinese share their island with an active volcano which they consider to be sacred.)

May, Cosmopolitan, EpiPed advertisement (See Apr., Glamour, p. 87)

May, Beauty Digest, Article includes reflexology and Feet First by Laura Norman.

May 22, Woman's Day, EpiPed advertisement (See Apr., Glamour, p. 87)

May, Good Housekeeping, p. 91, "Stay at Home Spa," Try a foot massage and application of a facial masque to the feet as part of a home spa experience.

May 9, The Hawaii Hochi (Honolulu), As part of an article about Ala Moana shopping center, a photo of the Footlex area for an electric foot roller is shown at the Shirokiya Department store in this Japanese language newspaper.

May 17, San Angelo Scene (Texas), pp. B-1, 2, "Reflexologists explain craft" by Loretta Macias, Reflexologist Roberta Thompson, a sister with the Christian Community is profiled. A Kunz and Kunz foot chart accompanies the article.

June, Health, Article includes reflexology and Feet First by Laura Norman.

June, The Ladies Home Journal, p. 110, "Married With Children... and still in love," Anne Mayer author of How To Stay Lovers While Rasing Your Children (Price, Stern, Sloan, 1990) writes about keeping the romantic spark alive in a marriage. "Some of our most romantic gestures are simple one. For instance, David will put roses in my favorite vase, and I'll give him a foot massage after he's had a bad day."

Jul., She (British magazine), Reflexology, Put your feet in the expert hands of a reflexologist and discover the benefits of this soothing and stress-relieving therapy" by Louise Pearce.

July 21, The New York Times, "A Therapy Based on Tapping Your Feet" by Marc Blum, The use of reflexology in sports is profiled. Laura Norman is interviewed among others. Laura notes that "'People tend to find reflexology more therapeutic and less intrusive than massage. They're able to relax, let go and be more receptive to treatment.' … Not all professionals in the health and fitness field are as convinced of the practices' beneficial effects. 'Reflexology has never been proven scientifically, while may other forms of treatment have been proven to work," said Ken Meisler, a sports podiatrist with Preventive and Sports Medicine in Manhattan. 'Some people do like hands-on therapy, and I would recommend massage which is a proven method of injury prevention.' "

Jul. 30, First Magazine, p. 22, "Reflexology, Give yourself a relaxing foot massage with reflexology techniques from Laura Norman..."

Aug., Alternatives (Atlanta Georgia), p. 4, "Interview with a Foot Reflexologist," Atlanta reflexologist Brian Savory is profiled.

Aug. 8, Sacramento Bee (California), p. C-3, "Reflexology: A therapy that gets to the sole" by Marc Bloom, Reprint of the July 21 New York Times article.

Sept., The Australian Massage Therapy Journal, pp. 14-17, "Contraindications to Reflexology" by Sandra Rogers. Contraindications include all infections, unstable pregnancies, the first trimester of pregnancies, local foot infections, diabetes and immediately following an operation or removal of an organ.

Sept./Oct, Catholic Women's Network (Oakland, CA), p. 11, "All stressed out? Create a sanctuary…"'What a wonderful ministry it would be if visitors to the sick would rub their cold feet instead of reading them scriptures just talking to them,' said Sister Kathleen Tighe who works with the elderly poor in Oakland" in an article about a program teaching women how to cope with stress.

Oct. 7, National Enquirer, p. 37, "As Marriage Crumbles & Pressure Builds... Princess Di Becomes a Human Pincushion - in Bizarre Battle to Beat Stress," In a desperate bid to beat stress, Princess Di has turned to several far-out treatments - reflexology, aromatherapy and a back-crunching form of Japanese massage called shiatsu. Charles - a strong believer in holistic medicine and natural cures - suggested Di try an acupuncturist … Besides the acupuncture and Japanese massage, Di also undergoes aroma therapy and foot massage, called reflexology." (See also Aug. 1988, Jul. 15, 1986, Unknown, 1985, Television, May 28, 1991)

Nov., Travel & Leisure, "Presents Perfect" by Theresa Kump, p. 146, A "low-tech wooden footsie roller" from The Body Shop is suggested as a Christmas gift for a traveler "revives even dog-tired dogs."

Nov., USAir Magazine, "The Lowdown on Rubdowns" by Kelly L. Williams, Reflexology is included in an article about massage.

Nov., Harper's Bazaar, "Healing's Alternative Paths" by Lauren Flynn McCarthy, p. 183, A "reflexologist" is listed as one of 9 "current Alternative Medicines." An overview of suggested treatments "for common, every day ailments" drawn from Feet First by Laura Norman is included. p. 183

Dec., Bon Appetit, "Stowe: A Vermont Ski Holiday" by Gary Krist, p. 30, Topnotch at stowe Resort and Spa is listed as including reflexology among services offered at its facilities

Dec. 3, The Hawaii Hochi, p. 7, Footlex is profiled about their reflexology products sold at the Ala Moana Shopping Center in Honolulu.

Dec. 5, The San Francisco Chronicle, p. E8, "Good Things in Various Packages" by Jon Carroll, "Three extremely lovely fruits of civilization all warmly praised here" "... Good coffee is a good thing. It's on the short list of good things I have posted next to my computer. Another good thing is foot rubs.

"Here's how to appreciate foot rubs. Think about a foot rub right now. Just think about it Become aware of your feet. Become aware of the arch the ball, the space between your toes. Splurge: Think about your Achilles tendon, too.

"Couldn't you use a good rub right now? A really long rub by someone with strong, knowing fingers? Wouldn't you take a day off work for a rub like that? Think about it.

Wouldn't you, when you come right down to it, quit your job for a rub like that?" Wouldn't you sell your grandmother to Turkish white slavers for a for a rub like that? Wouldn't you betray your country? A nation run on the currency of foot rubs would be impregnable to recession."

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Jan./ Feb., Psychology Today, p. 63, "Healing Rituals in the Suburbs, The New Spirituality" by Meredith B. McGuire, Reflexology is listed as a "Technique Practice" used by groups whose members "adhere to a wide range of beliefs and practices not sanctioned by mainstream medicine... a non-medical form of healing." McQuire and her colleagues at the Alternative Healing Systems Project at Montclair State College in New Jersey conducted a four year study with 300 open ended interviews with adherents and non-adherents from comfortable suburban areas outside Newark. "Studies of other cultures and U. S. subcultures reveal a link between healing practices and broader sociocultural issues. Our data show that American suburbanites, too, have come to use health, illness and healing as expressions of their concern for meaning, moral order and individual effectiveness and power in their daily world … alternative health systems and the new kinds of individualism they promote undoubtedly are symptoms and symbols of profound changes in our society and ourselves. They may not only reflect social change but create it." (Article excerpted from the book Ritual Healing in Suburban America by sociologist Meredith McQuire of Trinity University in San Antonio, Texas)

Jan.?, Hartford Courant (Connecticut), "Reflexology goes right to the foot of the problem" by Donna Larcen, Syndicated across the country, Laura Norman's book Feet First is reviewed. Laura, Kevin Kunz and Jo-An Campbell of Canton, CT are interviewed. Laura reports results with Regis Philbin, television talk show host. "I was on his show a few times and showed his wife how to work on his feet," Norman says. "A few months after that he was in Lenox Hill Hospital for a kidney stone operation. The only thing his wife could think to do was rub his feet, which made him feel better. She called me the night before his surgery, and I did a treatment with him … 'he passed the stone that night without pain and the surgery was canceled."

Jan,. Seventeen, "Best foot Forward, The New Age foot massage &emdash; reflexology"

Jan. 3, San Jose Mercury News (California), p. D-1, "For some, relief is just a foot away" by Donna Larcen (See Jan.?)

Feb. 2, Deerfield Beach Observer (Florida), p. 17, "Reflexologist's Advice 'Feet first for good health' " by Donna Larsen (See Jan.?, 1991)

Feb., Washingtonian (DC), p. 129, "Shiatsu & foot reflexology: massage from head to toe" by Margaret Dickey

Mar., Mademoiselle, "A Touch of Calm in a Mad World," Reflexology is listed as one of several approaches to stress reduction.

Mar. 6, Daily News (LA), "Reflexologists hold forum in Eagle Rock" by Richard Swearinger, A meeting of the California Council of Reflexologists is profiled. Reflexologists Chris Issel, Gwen Dara, Hoss Wylie and Margarete Teuwen are interviewed. Also included are the comments of William Jarvis of Loma Linda University (and now the National Council Against Health Fraud). He states,"

'It's a pseudo-science. … "'It has no validity other than the subjective experience of true believers,' he said.'I believe it's irresponsible for them to go into the health marketplace with unproven theories, only their unconfirmed clinical experience.' "(See also Aug., 1991, Feb., 1991, Mar., 1991)

Mar. 6, Today (British newspaper), p. 26, "These feet were made for talking by Sandra Parsons, A newspaper columnist samples the services of reflexologist Michael Keet. The Duchess of York, the Queen and Princess Diana are cited as converts to reflexology.

Mar. 14, Family Circle, p. 87, "Stressed Out? Take the Pressure Off" by the staff of the Canyon Ranch Spa in Tucson, "Foot Massage" is listed as one of 25 stress reduction secrets from the spa's specialists.

Mar./Apr., Yoga Journal, pp. 18, 20, 22, "Hand Reflexology" by James Stout, Hand reflexology is profiled including the Kunz and Kunz hand reflexology chart and contraindications. Grants Pass, Oregon reflexologist Michael Mirdad is interviewed.

Spring, The American Massage Therapy Association Journal, pp. 39-43, "Eunice D. Ingham and the Development of Reflexology in the United States," Part 1, by Patricia Benjamin, historian of the AMTA.

Apr. 20, Dayton Daily News (Ohio), "Rubbing the right way" by Wendy Hundley, Mar Walsh, an R. N. who has introduced baby massage to newborns at St. Elizabeth Hospital in Dayton, is showed giving a foot massage to a baby.

Apr., Mademoiselle, pp. 240-241, "hands on … Reflexology: Putting a little pressure on stress," Reflexology is profiled.

May, Cosmopolitan, p. 202, A brief description of reflexology is included in an article about taking care of feet. "Feet Treats…Reflexology, the Eastern art of foot massage, is based on the theory that the foot is a miniature reproduction of the entire body. Each body part and organ is connected by a network of nerves to a Corresponding part on the foot. Mild to intense thumb pressure applied to the foot improves energy flow to the affected part of the body. Massaging the big toe, for example, is thought to help relieve headaches."

May, Vogue, Article includes reflexology and Feet First by Laura Norman.

Jul. 10, Sports Illustrated, p. 74, "Brittania Rules Again, Faldo & Lyle" by Sarah Ballard, A profile of Australian golfer Sandi Lyle includes a photo of "footwork" on Lyle by his girlfriend, Jolande Huurman, "a former masseuse from the Netherlands." (See Apr. 17, 1988)

Aug. 22, The Village Voice, Article includes reflexology and Feet First by Laura Norman.

Aug. 27, Sacramento Bee, p. 1, "Massage-parlor sex sneaks back into capital" by Marje Lundstrom and Chris Bowman, Reflexology is used as a dodge by prostitutes to avoid the city's strict massage law.

Aug., New York Woman, Article includes reflexology and Feet First by Laura Norman.

Sept. 12, Albuquerque Journal, p. B-1, "City Stepping on Toes of Business" by Steve Brewer, The problems of Kevin and Barbara Kunz of practicing reflexology in the city because of a massage ordinance are profiled.

Sept. 19, Redbook, pp. 152-153 "foot work," excerpted from Feet First by Laura Norman, Profiles reflexology as "the hottest new way to relax."

Sept., New Frontier (Philadelphia), "Transforming Business," Laura Norman is profiled in this column devoted to how to make money. "Working in a conscious way in a society often viewed as unconscious."

Sept./Oct., Yoga Journal, Article includes reflexology and Feet First by Laura Norman.

Oct., Bestways, pp. 36, 37, 59, "The Healing Art' Searching" by Louise Klein, Reflexology and finding a reflexologist. includes interviews with Laura Norman, Kevin Kunz and Jim Ingram

Oct., Redbook, pp. 76, 80, 82, "Talking with Tracy Nelson; My Husband Healed Me with Love" by Jeanne Wol, Actress Tracy Nelson, daughter of Ricky Nelson and star of the television show "Father Dowling Mysteries," discusses her recovery from cancer crediting "reflexology" as one form of "alternative medicine" she used as well as traditional medicine. Tracy said, "I never lost my will to live. I have always wanted to live life to its fullest - that's why I' still here. I took control of what was happening to me. I questioned my life and I questioned my doctors. You can cure yourself. It's your responsibility. I really believe that."

Oct., American Salon, p. 28, Nail Technician, Up-Date "Reflexology Charting Your Profits," The service of reflexology is profiled as a money-maker. "In salons, reflexology is a natural add-on service to manicures, pedicures, tips, sculptured nails and facials. 'Reflexology is becoming a major part of the massage during a manicure and pedicure.' … "You can add $10 to your regular manicure fee with 15 minutes of reflexology and $18 to $25 to a pedicure with one-half hour sessions.

Oct., Town & Country, Article includes reflexology and Feet First by Laura Norman."

Winter, The American Massage Therapy Association Journal, pp. 49-55, "Eunice D. Ingham and the Development of Reflexology in the United States," Part 2 by Patricia Benjamin, historian of the AMTA.

Unknown, Lear's, p. 138, "Natural Elements, In a stressful life it's good to take time out to restore, replenish, and return to the healthful properties of earth and water... to reach down inside a too often neglected core of self and say, 'This is my world. This is me." Reflexology is listed as one of the 'Natural approach to beauty and well-being (is) as ancient as essential oils and aromatics and as new as flower-petal facials. In fact, the use of natural elements to soothe, heal, and beautify is undergoing a renaissance."

Dec., Town and Country, Article includes reflexology and Feet First by Laura Norman.

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Feb. 6, The Langley Advance (British Columbia, Canada), The work of Walnut Grove reflexologist Deborah Real is profiled.

Apr. 13, The Independent (British newspaper), "Dutch touch that helped Lyle win by a stroke" by Tim Glover, p. 32, Jolande Huurman, constant companion of golfer Sandy Lyle is credited with helping his golf game. "On the morning of his unforgettable final round in the Masters, Lyle, who is suffering from a cold, woke at 2 am. "My nose and eyes were choked," he said. As she had earlier in the week, Jolande, who qualified as a sports masseuse after taking a five-year course in the Netherlands, her home country, eased the congestion with foot reflexology.'I tickle and massage his feet at certain pressure points," she said. "She helps me relax.' said Sandy."

Apr. 17, Daily News (Sacramento, CA), "Lyle is finding success with companion," Syndicated across the country. A column profiling golfer Sandi Lyle of Australia following his win of the Masters Golf Tournament quotes his comments about the work of his girlfriend, a Dutch masseuse, on his feet. Jolande "Huurman came to public attention a week ago when Lyle, leading the Masters, made an offhand remark in a press conference about 'going back to the hotel and having my girlfriend tickle my feet. "As it turned out, attention to his feet may have had a bearing on his Masters triumph. 'The night before the last round at the Masters, he was restless, couldn't sleep, kept tossing and turning,' Huurman said. 'I massaged his feet, 20 minutes on each foot, looking for pressure points. It relaxed him completely and he slept like a baby.' "It is part of the massage treatments she performed in a five year stint on the European PGA Tour. … "During her time on the European tour, she said, she treated Jack Nicklaus, Seve Ballesteros, Bernhard Langer, Ian Woosnam and many others. 'I'd concentrate on the pressure points, try to isolate the energy lines that run throughout the body. It would relax them completely,' she said. … "It got so many of them preferred the massage to going out and having beers to relax,' Huurman said." (See also Jul. 10, 1989)

Apr. 17, Parade, p. 15, A photo of Dick Gregory working on the feet of an individual trying to lose weight, accompanies an article about the comedian and civil rights activist.

May, Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine (British), "A Day in the Life, An intimate look at the life-style and attitudes of Britain's leading practitioners of alternative medicine. This month: Practitioner of the Year reflexologist June Ball" by Sara Martin, "June Ball, wife of an M. D., is named the first winner of the Tyrington Award, an annual award to the alternative practitioner of the year sponsored by Tyrington, Britain's largest residential centre of natural medicine."

May, Unknown British newspaper, "Feet first for healing hands" The award of practitioner of the year to June Ball is noted.

June 27, San Francisco Chronicle, p. A-15, "A 'Gringoville' Flourishes in Guatemala" by Tom Bassing and Dan Trotta. An ancient resort town in Guatemala has become a mecca from tourists and "modern-day hippies from around the world who have brought a post-dated counter-culture" complete with a "reflexology parlor."

Jul., New Woman, pp. 97-98, "Sick of Dieting? Try a new Approach," Reflexology is listed as one of several new approaches to weight loss. "Reflexology, another cousin of acupuncture, is based on the theory that the feet are mini-maps of the body. Pressure is applied to points on the feet that correspond to all body parts. When these spots are stimulated, blocked energy is released, circulation improves, and the physiological function of the area balances. Laura Norman … explains that reflexology can relieve the stress and tension that often lead to overeating, and increase the body's capacity to burn calories."

Jul. 5, Boston Globe, "Profiting Off the New Age from Crystals to Channeling, An Explosion of New Businesses" The start up of New Age businesses from beauty salon to bookstores to skin care products is noted among a long list. "But New Age us the popular marketing lexicon &emdash; the umbrella term that links a confusing hodge-podge of beliefs, fads, rituals, experts, sources, helpers and profiteers … "New Age in some circles is Runes, reflexology, near-death experiences, I Ching, chakra centers, dream interpretations, or creative visualization."

July 19-20, Albuquerque Journal, "Bloom County" by Berke Brethed, Syndicated cartoon, Cartoon character Steve Dallas's "dream wife" is pictured as a working woman, a French maid and a rubber of feet. "The newly feminist Steve Dallas dreams of his ideal woman…(The ideal woman, dressed in a business suit says) 'Hi, Steve … it's me. I'm tough and aggressive and go to work each day to compete with men on my own uncompromising terms. Then I come home to my husband … and lounge around in a 'Little French Maid' lingerie.' Steve says, 'Hey! Only if you would have anyway…' "The next series of cartoon pictures Steve's ideal woman in the French maid's lingerie working on his feet and saying, "…and so they gave me the GM account and I optioned 300 shares on margin with…' Steve interrupts her to say, "Say dream wife…you sure you don't mind massaging my feet?" She replies, "Now Steve…you know what feminism is all about…" They both say, "The right to make choices!" He comments, "Good. As long as that's understood. S'pose you might choose to rub a little harder?" She says, "Sure Bubba."

Jul/Aug, The Digest Of Chiropractic Economics, pp. 60-62, "Lumbo-Reflex Adjustment of the Low Back" by Dr. Walter J. Markey, Foot reflexes are utilized to judge spinal or sacral misalignment of malfunction.

Aug., Ladies Home Journal, p. 162. "All about Fergie," by Susie Pearson and David Thomas, The Duchess of York, the former Sarah Ferguson, is profiled. Included is a description of the Duchess and Princess Diana as clients of Joseph Corvo, "practitioner of the so-called discipline of Zone therapy. The treatment involves massaging fifteen specific nerve endings on the face which are said to revitalize eleven areas of the body." (See also Oct. 7, 1990, Jul. 15, 1986, Unknown, 1985, Television, May 28, 1991)

Aug., East West Journal, "The Holographic Body" by Richard Leviton, "The Zones of the Sole" are noted as a foot reiterative system of the body. p. 41. Los Angeles reflexologist Bill Flocco presents reflexology in an acupuncture model. "One criticism leveled against the reflexological model by Neher is that because the acupuncture treatment points for a specific organ do not correlate with the reflex zones, one system must be invalid. 'This lack of correspondence is indicative that at least one of the two methods has assigned key points arbitrarily. There seems to be no evidence that foot reflexology has any diagnostic or therapeutic value other than placebo,' he says."

Aug. 9, The National Enquirer, "Unusual Ways to Beat Arthritis" by Chris Fuller, Reflexology is listed as a "nontraditional method of fighting pain (that) can bring relief to some people with arthritis."

Aug. 21, The Sunday Courier (Evansville, IN), p. D-1, "The Foot Knows, Reflexologists say steps to good health begin with the sole" by Anne Scheleper, Syndicated across the country, Evansville reflexologists Shirley Lyle and Jim Roll, a traditional Cherokee Indian practitioner, are interviewed. Kevin Kunz is interviewed.

Sept. 7, Lubbock Avalanche-Journal (Texas), p. B-1, "Road to relief reached by foot, reflexologists say" by Anne Scheleper Kevin Kunz is interviewed.(See Aug. 21)

Sept./Oct, College Woman, "Thank you for your support, a down to-earth look at your feet," Reflexology is discussed as one of several rewards for tired feet.

Oct., Miami Beach Citizen News, "Can the Shoes You Wear Kill You? Author Simon Wikler Says 'Yes'" by Joan Liberty Balkin

Oct., People, "Jocks," p. 74, Boxer Donny Lalonde is pictured at training camp having his feet worked by Vibeke Johnsen.

Nov. 1, Naples Daily News (Florida), p. D-1, "Foot reflexology treats ailments by manipulation, helping you... HEEL THYSELF" by Denise Grumley, Naples reflexologist Harold Charleston is profiled.

Nov. 7, The Daily Item (Sunbury, PA), p. B-1, "Reflexology hasn't taken hold yet in the U. S." by Anne Scheleper (See Aug. 21) Includes "She Puts her best foot forward" by Tyra Braden," Bloomsburg, PA reflexologist Marie Boudman is profiled.

Nov./Dec., Massage, Interview of Dwight Byers by Chris Issel.

Dec., The Entertainer (Jones Intercable), p. 12A, Actress Goldie Hawn is pictured working on the feet of actor Kurt Russell in a promotion photo for the film "Overboard.

Dec.?, Boston Globe, "Ask the Globe", "Question: What is reflexology? Answer: Taber's medical Dictionary Defines 'reflexology' as the study of body reflexes, of which there are many. Currently the word also can be used to describe massage."

Dec. 10, Fort Dodge Messenger (Iowa), pp. 1-2, "Woman carries burden well following farm accident," A reflexologist, called to the hospital by a woman's family after a farm accident, is credited with relaxing the injured arm and, thus, allowing the doctors to save the arm below the elbow.

Unknown, Philadelphia Inquirer, Broadway choreographer and dancer Tommy Tune is reported to travel with a reflexologist.

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Jan. 17, Sunday (The Philippines), "Reflexology, Pressing the Cure" by Celia M. Bonilla, Ricardo Manubay, founder of the AKSEM Reflexology Center is interviewed. "Reflexology, explains Manubay, is the art and science of applying pressure on meridians or nerve points which effect cure or relief on corresponding organs. As explained earlier, pressure acts as a magnet on the hemoglobin iron in the blood which facilitates rejuvenation of tissues and releases toxins."

Jan. 18, The Sunday News (Vancouver, B. C., Canada), p. B-11, "Stepping into state of relaxation" by Larry Pruner, Port Moody reflexologist Yvette is interviewed., p. B-1, "Reflexology not a ticklish experience" by Larry Pruner, A reporter recounts his experience at a reflexology session by reflexologist Yvette Eastman.

Feb. 9, Sports Illustrated, p. 91,"Carol and her big lug," Cover girl Carol Alt suggests reflexology to her professional hockey player boy friend who has tried everything for his back problem. Reflexology takes care of the problem. "He tried traction, chiropractors, acupuncture, the Mayo Clinic, papaya enzyme injections - you name it - but nothing helped … Finally, on Alt's advice, Greschner tried a therapy called 'reflexology,' a sort of manual acupuncture geared toward massaging the nerve endings in the feet and hands. 'The first time I did it to him,' she recalls, 'I had him screaming, just by rubbing his feet. He almost fainted and I wasn't strong enough to do it right.' "Greshner began seeing a reflexology therapist, and the back slowly mended. 'I don't even know what happened medically,' he says now. 'I haven't had a back X-ray since 1983. All I know is that I've been hit hard, and I can lift rocks on our farm in upstate New York, and it doesn't bother me. Knock wood.' "

Feb., Working Woman, "Oh yes you can be too rich or too thin." v12, p. 114

Mar. 9, Time, "Massage Comes Out of the Parlor; at airports, offices and shopping centers." by Martha Smilgris, Reflexology is mentioned as a popular technique for feet and hands.

Mar., Let's Live, pp. 32-33, "Give Your Feet a Hand" by Paul Martin, Naprapath Clement Wittman is interviewed about his reflexology work.

Apr., Health, p. 19, "Massage for the masses; here's how athletes, dancers, patients, executives and you can benefit. (includes related article on reflexology)" by Mary Ann D'Urso,

Apr. 6, News Press (Florida), p. D-1, "Defeeting Pain" by Kerne Feldman-Smith, Naples reflexologist Lee Holgerson is profiled.

May 19, The Gary (IN) Post-Tribune, "Monumental Feet&emdash;A Few Short Steps Toward Putting Your Best Foot Forward" by Valli Herman, In an article about being nice to your feet for the sandal-wearing summer season includes comments about shoes form a podiatrist and information about reflexology form Larry Clemmons of Chicago.

May, Whole Life Monthly (LA, CA), "Mildred Carter, Pioneer in Reflexology" by Robert Goldberg, Reflexology author and business woman Mildred Carter is interviewed.

Aug. 18, Brighton- Pittsford Post (Rochester, NY), "Keeping on Your Toes" by Heidi Lux, Rochester reflexologist Joel Schwartz is profiled.

Winter, Country Estate (Canada), pp. 47-49, "Reflexology" by Mike Pembry, Reflexologist Anna LeDuc of Ontario, Canada is interviewed. "Anna looks upon reflexology as a door to increased interest in body functions and self awareness. Although she may treat some patients for two or three monts she hopes that by then they will be keen enough to start their own health and exercise program."

Nov., Sunset, Advertisement for Garuda Indonesia Airlines, "In Bali, the firedancer tramples barefoot over hot coals for health reasons. Every Balinese believes his village is occasionally visited by evil spirits which can cause sickness. Fortunately there's one sure way to get rid of them. With a firedance. To begin the firedancer must fall into a deep trance, so that a powerful 'good spirit' can enter his body. Then, donning a horse costume her prances back and forth over glowing coconut husks. Sending red sparks flying. When the dance is over, he is gently brought out of the trance by the village priest. Unharmed." (The Balinese share their island with an active volcano which they consider to be sacred.)

Nov. 20, Lubbock Avalanche-Journal (Texas), p. B-2, "Authors Discuss Reflexology" by Mary Helen Aquirre, Reflexologists Kevin and Barbara Kunz are interviewed. "'The problem with stress is the continuity of it. Just standing up is a stressor. If stress goes on too long it starts to tear you down.' Kunz who specializes in foot reflexology, said the foot is probably one of the most neglected part of the body. The feet, he said, provide a reflection of what's going on in the rest of the body. Studying the 'worn' areas of a foot, can give you an indication of what part of your body you may be overtaxing."

Dec.,? 1987, San Francisco Sunday Examiner & Chronicle, "Arches of Triumph" by Elizabeth Gold, This joke article about high arches says, "Success! Does it, despite all your efforts elude you? … "The fault, dear friend, may lie in your feet. Little noticed new research has found that 84% of those who make more than $50,000 a year have two things in common: high insteps. … "'We were trying to discover what makes people successful,' explained Timothy Larue, Ph.D., author of 'Insteps: The Soul of Success' and head of the groundbreaking study. 'And frankly we made little progress until we got them to take off their shoes.' … "Larue discovered the truth: Good arches are essential in climbing the ladder to the top." (Originally published in the Washington Post)


Feb., New Health (England), "The Flexible Approach to Health" by Chris Parsons, The newly published book Hand and Foot Reflexology by Kevin and Barbara Kunz is reviewed. "Hand and Foot Reflexology is a detailed and highly practical guide to the subject, offering both an introduction to the theory of reflexology and an encyclopedia of the different techniques that you can use on your own hands and feet. Sensibly, the authors have realized that a picture can save a thousand words for this sort of subject, and most of the book is taken up with straightforward diagrams."

Feb., Good Health (England), "Hand and Foot Reflexology, The Unique Self-health Approach to Wellness" by Kevin and Barbara Kunz, The newly published book is reviewed. "As reflexology is a technique which is becoming more widely practiced in the UK, this book's attempt to explain how and why it works is welcome. … Recommended reading for those with an interest in reflexology."

Feb., Natural Food Trader (England), "Feet First for Health," The newly published book Hand and Foot Reflexology by Kevin and Barbara Kunz is reviewed.

Feb., Sphere (England), "Book Shelf," The newly published book The Complete Guide to Foot Reflexology by Kevin and Barbara Kunz is reviewed.

Mar., Healthy Living (England), pp. 24, 25, 27, The newly published book, Hand and Foot Reflexology by Kevin and Barbara Kunz, is reviewed.

Mar. 9, Sunday Democrat and Chronicle (Rochester, NY), pp. D-1, 2, "Getting to the Sole of Good Health" by Mitch Broder, Rochester reflexologist Joel Schwartz is profiled. "Brushing aside fear he bravely places feet in her hands" by Mitch Broder, Eusebia Messenger, niece of Eunice Ingham and retired reflexologist, works on the reporter's feet.

Mar., New Woman, p. 69, "Spa Yourself," "Relax, Refresh... Reflexology" includes techniques by Laura Norman

Mar. 23, Sun-Commercial (Vincennes, IN) p. 14, Health Action, "Reflexology, an Ancient method of tension relief," Vincennes reflexologist Alvina Karnes is profiled.

Mar., Healthy Living (England), "Put Your Best Foot Forward" by Jean Worth, The Kunz and Kunz title, Hand and Foot Reflexology is reviewed. Reflexologists Christianne Heal and Pam Wade are profiled.

June 17, Lynn News and Advertiser (England), p. 12, "Reflexologist Helps Recovery" by Kay Jones, Reflexologists, Bob and Tanis Dallamore are interviewed.

June 27, Los Angeles Times, Part V, Page 12, "Beauticians Utilize New Wrinkles in Care of Skin" by Benjamin Epstein, Beautician Shen is profiled for her belief and practice of the ancient doctrines of reflexology. "Shen … believes one of the keys to putting one's best face forward is through the feet. The mainland China-born Shen believes in the ancient doctrines of 'reflexology.' By studying the feet, she claims that she can pinpoint internal problem areas and confirm visual diagnoses of skin problems."

July 15, The Sun, p. 6, "How Prince Charles uses strange cures to stay healthy" by David Molina, "Reflexology is a more recent practice the Prince has explored in his quest to stay healthy. It holds that the feet contain thousands of nerve endings which, when massaged, lessen pain or even promote healing." (See also Oct. 7, 1990, Aug., 1988, Jul. 15, 1986, Unknown, 1985, Television, May 28, 1991)

Jul., Prediction (England), The Complete Guide to Foot Reflexology by Kevin and Barbara Kunz, The newly published book is profiled.

Jul./Sept., American Journal of Acupuncture, The newly published book The Practitioner's Guide to Reflexology by Kevin and Barbara Kunz is reviewed.

Aug. 3, Gazette Telegraph (Colorado Springs, CO), p. F-12, "Theory Exercises Health Reflexes" by Sarah Rennie, Elson Haas, M. D. and reflexologist, is profiled. Reprinted from the San Francisco Examiner)

Sept./Oct., Healthy Body, "Reflexology" by Jennifer Botwick, Connecticut reflexologist writes about reflexology.

Sept. 4, The Times (Trenton, NJ), p. B-1, "Reflexology: Ancient Chinese technique may be good for what ails you" by Joyce Persico, Reflexologists in the Philadelphia area are profiled.

Oct. 30, Boston Globe, "A Masseur's Helping Hands" by Julie Hatfield, Blind masseur Reynaldo Tayag is profiled. The Philippine native {"is now certified to do classical Swedish, Shiatsu, and sports massage and her has a working knowledge of reflexology."

Nov., Working Woman, "The ultimate stress relief," v11, p. 219

Autumn, Whole Earth Review, "Reality shopping; a consumers guide to new age hokum." vNON4, p. 4


Jan./Feb., Australian Wellbeing (Australia), p. 56, "Foot Massage Zones (Reflexology)" by Catherine McEwan,

Feb. 27, Nursing Mirror (England), pp. 41-42, "Alternative Health approaches" by Barbara Zeller Dobbs, Reflexology is reviewed for its use in work with cancer patients. "In Switzerland, many new nurses are taught this approach. When applied skillfully, a reflexology massage is pleasantly relaxing and able to diminish painful sensations in the body. Given the number of uncontrollable variables involved in the decrease of pain and the establishment of a feeling of relaxation, our small study has no scientific value. It was only intended to motivate nurses to look for ways to integrate aspects of alternative care in the management of terminal patients. … "Our purpose for using reflexology with these patients was to decrease their pain but we soon realized the beneficial effect of reflexology on the morale of patients and families. Something was being done for them. Patients expressed feelings of being less abandoned and the families expressed satisfaction at seeing that something painless existed that could aid their relative. In three situations we taught a relative how to use reflexology and the benefit seemed to have been as important for the relative as for the patient. … "Patients' comments about reflexology seem to show that it could be one way for them to feel this support and to have a helping presence near them in their last days."

Feb., Harpers Bazaar, pp. 116, 121, "Massage, Choosing the method that's right for you," Reflexology is included as a form of massage.

Mar 2, Scene Magazine (Crescent City, CA), p. 10, "Piggy wigglers, Taking the stress out of your feet" by Karl Cates, Crescent City reflexologist Anna Leest is profiled.

May 3, National Review, pp. 60-61, "The Gimlet Eye, Foot Reflexology" by D. Keith Mano, New York City reflexologist Elayne Hyams is profiled.

June, Fitness (England), pp. 34-37, "You may have soles but can you be healed?" by Alix Kirsta, Reflexology and reflexology clients are profiled.

Jul. 14, The Sunday News (Vancouver, B. C., Canada), "Reflexology, One foot forward for better health" by Lou-Anne Mallais, The work of Port Moody reflexologist Yvette Eastman is profiled.

Jul. 31, Daily Breeze (Manhattan Beach, CA), p. A-2, "Ahhhhhh - Tourists in Amsterdam suffering from tired feet can get a 20 minute foot massage in the park for 10 guilders, or about $3."

Unknown, National Enquirer, "Charles & Di's Royal Rift: He's Become Obsessed with His Health, She Goes to Parties Alone" by Dan Schwartz, A review of Prince Charles' health pursuits. "'At the palace he has virtually ignored Diana during evenings to study books on reflexology - a fad therapy which involves 'clearing the body's 10 vertical energy channels by massaging different areas of the feet. Charles is hooked on it.' "(See also Oct. 7, 1990, Aug., 1988, July 15, 1986, Television, May 28, 1991)

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Mar., Prevention, "Hands-On Health: An Illustrated Guide to the Manipulative Arts" by Kerry Pechter, Reflexology is included among modalities discussed.

Mar., Total Health, "Reflexology at Your Fingertips" by Dennis L. Peterson, Reflexology is profiled. "Reflexology, however, is no old wives tale. It is a preventive form of health care practiced since ancient times. … "This practice was passed with consistent effectiveness from generation to generation until the techniques were gradually dropped as the medical field became more sophisticated and the use of drugs and surgery became more prevalent. Until recently, it was more popular to be on the side of 'progress' and modern medicine than to follow the old ways of health care. But the practice of reflexology is today experiencing a revival with thousands every year being trained in its principles. …"

May 13, Sunday News Living (Vancouver, B. C., Canada), "Read your body's road map" by Barrett Fisher, The work of North Vancouver reflexologist Jill Gergusson is profiled.

Sept. 28, Los Angeles Times, P. 1, Part V, "Does Reflexology's Fancy Footwork Relieve Tension?" by Dan Mc Lean, San Diego reflexologists Muff and Bobbi Warren are profiled. "Muff Warren said her interest in reflexology began about seventeen years ago when she visited a friend who was a nurse and knew reflexology techniques. Muff's twelve year old son Chad was scheduled to have surgery at the time to correct ear infections. A few weeks before he was to have the operation, Muff decided to give reflexology a try. Then they returned to the doctor, who said Chad no longer needed surgery. … "'There's no basis for this in science,' said Dr. Don Wilson, president of the San Diego County Medical Society, 'I mean zero basis.' … "Despite the lack of official approval from the medical community, a reflexology course was approved by the state Board of Nurses as a class that fulfills the nurses' continuing education requirements. it's taught by the warrens at San Diego State University and Grossment College. … "One service the Warrens provide is foot parties. "'They're similar in a way to Tupperware parties,' explained Muff. 'What we wanted to do was find an enjoyable way to introduce people to reflexology. We go to their homes where at least six people are gathered and give each one a 15 minute treatment for $5 and a short lecture on reflexology. What we try to do is show that this isn't a cult thing, that normal people can participate in it and enjoy it.' … "

Sept. 22, Unknown, "Fair Feet," An Associated Press photo pictures a 25 cent massage offered at the Los Angeles County Fair in Pomona, CA by an electric foot vibrator. (The foot vibrators were also placed around the grounds of the 1936 New York World's Fair. The Penny Arcade at Disneyland houses a standing version of the device.)

Sept., Nursing Mirror (England), "Top of the head to toe relationship" by Helen Campbell, The newly published book The Complete Guide to Foot Reflexology by Kevin and Barbara Kunz is reviewed. "I would recommend this book particularly for the well-illustrated section on techniques and for the sensitive outline of development and theory."

Sept., The Natural Food Trader (England), "Feet First for Health," The newly published Hand and Foot Reflexology by Kevin and Barbara Kunz is reviewed.

Oct., Harpers and Queen (England), p. 78, "Health News," The newly published The Complete Guide to Foot Reflexology by Kevin and Barbara Kunz is reviewed. "The book is full of simple but clear line drawings and is a boon to the professional therapist as well as the enthusiastic amateur wanting to treat himself."

Oct. 17, The Inlet (Vancouver, B. C., Canada), "Every foot has a story to Yvette" by Cathy Atyeo, The work of Port Moody reflexologist Yvette Eastman is profiled.

Unknown, Health & Fitness (England), A review of The Complete Guide to Foot Reflexology by Kevin and Barbara Kunz. "There is substantial evidence to support the reflexologist's claims. In this manual the authors give a brief overview of the theory, followed by a section on techniques, step-by-step treatment, a helpful chapter on anatomy and a table of common disorders."

Unknown, Adweek, The trade magazine includes an advertisement for a Whitehall Pharmaceutical foot cream as an example of innovative advertising. A foot reflexology chart is part of the advertisement with the comment that "The 'Science' of Reflexology. Its roots in ancient Chinese culture, the 'Science' of Reflexology contends that an intricate series of reflex points within the feet correspond to the organs, nerves, and glands of other body areas. Massaging the feet can, it is said, have a curative effect on these other areas of the body."

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Jan.22, Miami Herald, "Yellow Page Policy on Massage Rubs Store Owner the Wrong Way" by Cathy Shaw, "Southern Bells' latest effort to clean up the blue advertising in the Yellow page is about to clean Cort's Massage right out of business." A Pompno Beach massage therapist complains about the decision by Southern Bell to allow only 30 phrases as acceptable for ads under the "massage" category. The businessman can no longer "call his Swedish massage as' ethical. He can no longer advertise sponge scrubs or salt glows. … "'We've pulled out of the section,' said David Sacks, owner of the Physical Health Complex in Fort Lauderdale. He is no longer allowed to advertise the reflexology or foot therapy offered at his clinic."

June 12, The Gazette Telegraph (Colorado Springs, CO), p. B-2, "Make a friend, Hug your foot" by Joe Barber, A columnist devotes his column to reflexology, creating new areas on the feet such as the "tickle zone." There is good news today, America, especially for those who gave up on the promise of phrenology. … "Need you be reminded, that theory claimed character and intelligence could be detected by studying bumps on the noggin. But according to my latest information, that was as far off base as possible. … "Phrenologists were up at the North Pole, as it were. Charting all those hills and dales, looking to get you the heart of the body's behavior. … "Central control, however, is at Antarctica. In the cool and sometimes clammy depths of The Foot. … But there is this theory, and it implies that the feet are the computer's keyboard; the console upon which we can tap out messages that effect the rest of the body. … "You will, of course, need a street map to safely wander among the ticklish subdivisions. That is where reflexology comes in. It offers directions. …"

Aug. 17, Nursing Times (England), pp. 49-51, "Putting their best feet forward by Ann Lett, The author reviews reflexology and the work of German Hanne Marquardt. "We know that the body strives to maintain homeostasis at all times, and has intelligent and elaborate ways of doing so. When homeostasis fails, signs and symptoms appear, of which pain is usually a late symptom, and the person now needs help. … "Pain in the reflex zones is caused by some alteration in the normal flow of energy along the pathways between the reflex zones and the organs to which they correspond. These pathways have not yet been scientifically mapped, but empirical experience over the past 80 years has shown that the method can be used to treat modern peoples and their present day illnesses, to which it has been specifically adapted."

Dec. 22, The Leader (Knox, IN), p. 9, "Your feet may hold unknown secrets" by Robert Calvert, Knox reflexologist Twyllah Schauer is profiled.

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May 16, The Prescott Courier (Arizona), "Reflexology: Technique for good health" by Greg Fister, The work of Gloria Paul, Prescott reflexologist is reviewed.

July 13, Woman's Day, p. 8, "Foot Massage - Ah, Joy" by Coralee Michelucci, A walk through a foot reflexology session.

Oct. 2, The Seattle Times (WA), "Good vibrations" by Bill Dietrich, The work of Port Moody, B. C. reflexologist Yvette Eastman at a Psychic Fair is reviewed.

Oct. 11, San Francisco Examiner, "Getting to the foot of all of your problems" by Nickie McWhirter, The newly published book The Complete Guide to Foot Reflexology by Kevin and Barbara Kunz is reviewed. The author concludes that "I had never heard of foot reflexology until I discovered this book. It's full of anatomical revelations of the bizarro kind, even more fun than acupuncture … "Foot fetishists everywhere will understand, and probably wish, they'd invented foot reflexology before the Kunzes cashed in."

Unknown, Unknown Florida newspaper, "Reflexology, Practitioners say the foot bone is connected to wellness" by Rex Buntain, "When Heather Ridenhour of Jacksonville was 5, she was plagued by constant ear infections. … "Her tonsils and adenoids were removed in March, 1981 but the problems persisted. Tubes put into her ears for drainage didn't help and hearing began to suffer. After three more stays in the hospital and a month of medication, Heather finally got relief … "The cure rested in her feet - through reflexology treatment. A Jacksonville physician refers to reflexology as voodoo. "Thelma M. Johnson, a certified reflexologist, upon learning of Heather's plight, offered to help. Debbie Ridenhour, Heather's mother decided to take her up on her offer. Nothing else was working. According to both Mrs. Johnson and Mrs. Ridenhour, by the time one treatment had been completed, drainage poured out of Heather's ears and down her neck for an hour. 'It was unbelievable,' said Mrs. Ridenhour. 'I would not have believed it had I not been there and seen it. I honestly believe that is what cleared it up."

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Jan., Prevention, pp. 62-67, "Foot Rubs that Are Bliss and More" by Kerry Pechter, New York City are reflexology experiences and reflexologists including Laura Norman are profiled. A resident in pediatrics at Mount Sinai Hospital used reflexology on 20 patients, one an infant born 4 weeks prematurely with a dangerously high pulse and breathing rate. "On the second day of the baby's life the doctor began applying pressure to the point on the child's foot that correspond to heart and lung. … "'When pressure was applied to the heart-lung border and held steady for 60 to 90 seconds,' says the case report, 'respiratory rate dropped to 60 to 80 per minute … If pressure was held for over two minutes, respirations dropped to 40 per minute and rose to 80 to 90 per minute within 30 seconds after relief of pressure. The event was consistently reproducible.' "

Jan. 4, Boston Globe, Linda Konner, travel editor writes about the "European-type beauty treatment" at Mexico's Ixtapan de la Sal Spa built in an area historically linked to healing. "Nevertheless, Ixtapan's major attraction at least as far as many women from Texas, Miami and New York are concerned is its beauty and health program. … "And, for a mere, $2.50, one can enjoy a combination foot massage and foot 'reading' administered by Dr. Hector Martinez trained in the art of reflexology. This technique allows the entire body to relax when the soles of the feet are pressed and massaged. Dr. Martinez can also detect such wide-ranging ailments such as eye trouble, intestinal disorders and headaches by manipulation various areas of the feet."

May, McCall's

Unknown, The Arizona Republic, p. D-4, "Reflexologist toes line against assorted ills" by Gail Tabor, Local reflexologist Lorayne Krogstad is profiled.

Dec. 2, The San Gabriel Valley Tribune (California), "Reflexologists Massage Feet to Give Health" by Rita Robinson, Local reflexologist Ed Kaufman is profiled.

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Oct., Essence, "Reflexology: Put Your Best Foot Forward" by Norma Jean Darden, Reflexologist Seyeda Mufutau of Head to Toe salon in Brooklyn, NY is profiled.

Nov., McCall's

Nov. 6, The Santa Fe Reporter (New Mexico), p. 23, "Ernie Pyle's America, The Miracle of Twisting Feet" by Ernie Pyle, In this reprint of a column written in the 1930's, columnist Ernie Pyle writes about his experience at the Williamsburg, Ontario site of the work of Dr. Locke, "the famous Canadian doctor who seemed to work miracles by twisting feet. "For three quarters of an hour I stood and watched the treatments of Dr. Locke. It was, in a way, one of the most fantastic rites I ever witnessed.' In those 45 minutes he treated about 85 people. Each paid him a dollar. He did not speak to more than 10 of them. Often a treatment was over in five seconds. With one exception, no person received more than 30 seconds of the doctor's time. … "Dr. Locke treated patients in an outdoor pavilion next to his small white house on a cross street off the highway. By 9:00 a couple of hundred patients were waiting around the pavilion. …"There were no preliminaries. Dr. Locke said nothing. He took the first extended foot on his knee. He did no exploratory feeling around. Quickly he placed his thumb on the inside, pressed, gave the foot a twist, then bent the toes down and pushed hard. He reached for the other foot and did the same. It was over. … "Williamsburg had become a mecca after Rex Beach wrote about Dr. Locke's treatment in Cosmopolitan magazine some six years before my visit. … "People had come by the scores of thousands. … I asked Dr. Locke to explain to me in simple language what he did. He said that most muscular ailments came from fallen arches or flat feet. A fallen arch is a foot bone that has slipped out of place, thus creating pressure on certain nerves. What Dr. Locke did was work this bone back in place relieving the pressure.' "

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Mar. 5, The Wall Street Journal, p. 1, "Something's Afoot, Or, We Pay a Visit to the Reflexologist" by Gail Bronson, Reflexology, Dwight Byers and the National Institute of Reflexology are profiled.

Apr. 22, The d (Florida), "Got a stiff neck? A bad back? A splitting headache? … try rubbing your feet - they may hold the secret to good health by Richard Koenig, Reflexologist Dwight Byers is profiled.

June 27, San Jose Mercury News (California), "Reflexology: Sort of like putting your best foot forward" by Cindy Milstein, The National Institute of Reflexology class in San Jose is profiled.

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Unknown, National Enquirer, New York reflexologist is pictured working on the feet of boxer Muhammed Ali with a stick in preparation for a fight. Ali won.

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Oct., Miss Chatelaine, Canada's Fashion Magazine, "nationwide course guide, vancouver" by Eleanor Watchel, Port Moody reflexologist Yvette Eastman's reflexology class is profiled. "Foot Loose" by Rhea Rose, The work of Yvette Eastman is profiled.

Oct. 24, The Indianapolis Star, Sec. 5, p. 8, "Reflexology: A Curious Therapy" by Jeff Devens, Local reflexologist John Perkins is profiled. "Thirty years ago, John Perkins was a 219 pound weakling dying slowly in Arizona. … Today at the age of 72, Perkins is a trim 152 pounder who practices for a living in Indianapolis what it was that saved his life out West - a curious form of therapy called reflexology.… "Perhaps the most publicity reflexology ever received was a few years ago when Jackie Kennedy Onassis was relieved of a great pain in the neck by one Richard Minarek, who calls himself a foot reflexologist. He rubbed Jackie's feet for 40 minutes, her pain vanished and Minarek collected $50 for his efforts."

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Jan., Vogue, Reflexology is described as "a theory which boils down to this: There are channels of energy coursing through the body, each important organ and muscle connected by a network of nerves to a tiny point on the foot where the energy terminates. As circulation in the feet slows down - through illness, wearing shoes, lack of exercise - crystalline deposits form at the nerve endings. By deep compression foot-massage, you can break up the deposits, encourage the whole body to keep perking along at peak efficiency."

Apr., Herald of Health, p. 18, "Your Wonderful Feet" by Helen Graham, Reflexologist Helen Graham describes reflexology and some of her experiences. "Did you ever place a few grains of sand in a jar of clear water? Of course the sand settled to the bottom of the container. So our crystalline acid settles at the nerve endings in our feet causing an obstruction or disturbance in the system. So these tender spots in our feet have the crystalline acid that must be massaged and dissolved from our feet. …"A woman in her seventies had a stroke 21 years ago. Her whole right side was paralyzed. Her fingers wouldn't open out so her hand was a tight fist. Her physician told her that her arm and hand would dry up. Someone recommended me to her. I gave her several foot massages and a sudden miracle happened. Her hand opened completely. She said she felt this funny feeling going into her shoulder, down her arm and into her fingers and they opened up.".

Nov., Let's Live, pp. 78-87, "Reflexology: It Works" by Don Matchen, San Francisco reflexologist Anna Kaye is profiled. … "That she is in demand becomes quickly clear, if you want an appointment. Booked from 9 a. m. to 9 p. m., a month ahead, she has regular clients from points as far away as Seattle. She has been a symposium speaker, invited by Esalen Institute to demonstrate her approach … "With the record clear that many abnormal conditions can be helped by the natural methods utilized in compression massage, we asked Mrs. Kaye why it is not in more widespread use.… "'Most think it's just too much work,' she replied. 'It is not easy granted. But I find it a most rewarding experience, helping others feel better. I am thankful I was led into this work through my own experience which began when I had to do something about my own vision.'" (See also Mar., 1991)

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Sept., Ladies Home Journal, A section about reflexology from The Massage Book by Downing and Rush is reprinted.

Dec. 31, The Sunday Telegraph (Sydney, Australia), "Doctors move to outlaw book by quack" by Tony Reeves, Efforts to ban Zone Therapy by Dr. William Fitzgerald are discussed. "Australians have been rushing to buy a book which claims that breast cancer can be cured by wrapping rubber bands around the fingers. It also says massage can cure tuberculosis and other illnesses and that common colds will disappear if the patient interlocks his fingers while biting his tongue. The book called Zone Therapy and containing parts first published in 1917, has been sold to nearly 3,000 Australians many of them suffering illnesses incurable by Western medical standards. … "One Sydney doctor said this week the book was the work of 'frenetic quacks'. "'Any book which suggests people can cure themselves of cancer, deafness, tuberculosis and dozens of other diseases is not only illegal but highly dangerous,' the doctor said. … A group of Sydney doctors will approach the AMA next month and call for the government to stop the sale of the book."

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April, Prevention

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Jan. 8, Valley Times Today (California), "Woman cited for work as reflexologist," "Footwork to cure all ills charged in woman's trial," "Toe masseuse freed by jury," In a series of articles over a period of time, the case of the California state Board of Medical Quality Assurance against Encino reflexologist Anna Mazzarelli is discussed. "An Encino woman who allegedly believes she can cure illness or disease by manipulating the feet and toes was brought into court on a charge of practicing medicine without a license. … "The case was brought by the State Board of Medical Examiners against Mrs. Anna Mazzarelli who reportedly practiced 'reflexology.' … "(Board special investigator) Wilson said the case was brought to his attention by a disgruntled member of a Valley woman's club which was paying a fee to have a retarded child treated by Mrs. Mazarelli. … The club woman, who asked to remain anonymous, told the investigator she felt the woman was a 'quack' and the club was making a mistake. … "The women were hired by the board to visit Mrs. Mazzarelli who reportedly operates an office in her home on Ventura Blvd. to gather evidence against her. … "Attorney John T. Lafollette, Encino, Counsel for Mrs. Mazzarelli, pointed out that since she is a licensed cosmetologist, she is entitled to give '"massages and other similar treatments." Ms Mazzarelli was acquitted.



Nov., U. S. Hospital Corps Quarterly, Vol. 17, No. 6, p. 201, "To a Camp Pendleton man, B. S. Shope, PhM2C, should go the credit of curing that Los Angeles hiccough victim after 13 days of suffering. Shope turned the trick by what is known as Zone Therapy after electric shock treatment failed. … "The victim, Lawrence Schone, 31, an aircraft worker, went to sleep for the first time without anesthesia since his hiccoughs started, after Shope massaged the man's feet for an hour. The nerves in the feet are associated with the stomach and the diaphragm, Shope explained, and massaging the nerve reflexes is soothing and relaxing. The same cure was used by Shope here several months ago when a marine feel victim to hiccoughs. Shope effected this cure after the victim hiccoughed 2 days and 2 nights."


Everybody's Magazine, "To stops a toothache, squeeze your toe" by Dr. Edwin Bowers.