DEFINITIONS OF REFLEXOLOGY

Definitions are listed randomly and are compiled from form registration responses and other sources (i.e. dictionaries, advertising pamphlets, books, etc.) Ed. note

Russian psychologist V.M. Bekterev (1857-1927) used the term objective psychology to designate his work at first, and then coined the name reflexology 1917 ..Edwin Boring, A History of Experimental Psychology. 1950.

Reflexology is a science l. which deals with the principle that there are reflexes in the feet that are relative to every gland organ and part of the body...International Institute of Reflexology Bobbi and Muff Warren, Tom and Ron Wilbanks banks, Robert and Sonia Gana

Reflexology is the method of using the thumb and finger to apply pressure on the reflexes that correspond to an organ or gland and parts of the body as found in the feet and hands...George Parnell

Reflexology is a powerful natural health science that studies the relationship of the reflex areas in the feet, hands and ears to the rest of the body so that these areas can be worked on with your fingers and thumbs ii) a manner that will lead to improved health and the maintenance of good health...Bill Flocco

Reflexology is a therapy of stimulating the feet with pressure and relaxation techniques which provide a relaxing and energizing effect to every part of the body...David Allan

Reflexology is a natural healing art based on the principle that there are reflexes in the feet and hands which correspond to every part of the body. Through application of pressure on particular areas of the hands or feet, reflexology serves to relax tension, improve circulation and promote the natural function of the related area in the body...Reflexology Association of Canada

Reflexology is the pressure massage of certain reflex nerve endings located in one or both feet that correspond to specific body organs and parts. When you stimulate these nerve endings, it stimulates circulation in these areas and aids the body's very own healing process...Clement T. Wittman

Reflexology is the physical act of applying pressure to the feet with specific thumb, finger and hand techniques which do not use oil, lotion or cream. The application of this pressure is assessed on the basis of ten longitudinal zones and areas reiterated on the feet in the body's image linking foot to body, with a premise that such work effects a physiological change in the body...Barbara and Kevin Kunz, Reflexions, Nov-Dec 1983.

Reflexology is a therapy using the pressure points of the hands and feet which gives a reflex action through the nervous system of the body. It is an entirely natural treatment whose aim is to normalize and harmonize the functions of the body...Bob Dalamore

Reflexology refers to a method of treatment whereby reflex points in the feet are massaged in a particular way to bring about an effect in areas of the body quite distant from the feet...Nicola Hall, Reflexology.

Reflexology is based on the premise that our organs have corresponding reflex points on other parts of the body, some of the sensitive points being those on the feet. When a reflex point is stimulated, it works to balance and normalize not just the corresponding organ itself but also all functional relationships of that organ...Devaki Berkson, The Foot Book

Reflexology is a scientific technique of massage, that has a definite effect on the normal functioning of all parts of the body...Mildred Carter, Helping Yourself with Foot Reflexology

Manual therapies, most frequently in connection with neurological reflexes. In the context of reflex zones to the feet, the word 'reflex' is not used in the strict medical sense, but in its twin meanings: 1. As reflecting the entire organism (head, neck and trunk) on a small screen (the feet), rather like a reflex camera. 2. In particular, in characteristic sections of the feet, which have been shown empirically to have a direct energy relationship with the internal organs...Hanne Marquardt, Reflex Zone Therapy Of The Feet

Reflexology: 1. The analysis of motor behavior in terms of component simple and complex reflexes. 2. The study of the neurophysiologic mechanisms of reflexes in general...International Dictionary of Medicine and Biology, 1986.

Reflexotherapy: Therapeutic effect achieved by stimulation or irritation at a distance from the area treated...International Dictionary of Medicine and Biology, 1986.

Reflexologist: 1. One who interprets behavior as consisting of reflexes. 2. A practitioner of manipulative reflexology...Webster's Medical Desk Dictionary, 1986.

Reflexology: 1. The study and interpretation of behavior in terms of simple and complex reflexes. 2. Any of various systems of questionable effectiveness that are held by their promoters to restore or promote health by manipulating parts of the body and especially the hands or feet...Webster's Medical Desk Dictionary 1986.

Reflexotherapy: Treatment by manipulation, anesthetizing, or cauterizing an area distant from seat word 'reflex' is not used in the strict medical sense, but in its twin meanings: 1. As reflecting the entire organism (head, neck and trunk) on a small screen (the feet), rather like a reflex camera. 2. In particular, in characteristic sections of the feet, which have been shown empirically to have a direct energy relationship with the internal organs...Hanne Marquardt, Reflex Zone Therapy Of The Feet

Reflexology: 1. The analysis of motor behavior in terms of component simple and complex reflexes. 2. The study of the neurophysiologic mechanisms of reflexes in general...International Dictionary of Medicine and Biology, 1986.

Reflexotherapy: Therapeutic effect achieved by stimulation or irritation at a distance from the area treated...International Dictionary of Medicine and Biology, 1986.

Reflexologist: 1. One who interprets behavior as consisting of reflexes. 2. A practitioner of manipulative reflexology...Webster's Medical Desk Dictionary, 1986.

Reflexology: 1. The study and interpretation of behavior in terms of simple and complex reflexes. 2. Any of various systems of questionable effectiveness that are held by their promoters to restore or promote health by of the disorder...Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. 1981.

Reflexology: 1. A system of massaging specific areas of the foot or sometimes the hand in order to promote healing, relieve stress, etc., in other parts of the body. 2. Medically, the study of reflex movements and processes...Random House Dictionary, 1987.

Reflexology: the science or study of reflexes...Stedmans Medical Dictionary 1930.

Reflexology is the physical act of applying pressure to the feet and hands with specific thumb, finger, and hand techniques without using implements, oil, lotion or creams. The physiological changes achieved with the application of pressure are based on the neurologic~l relationship that exists between the skin and the nervous system; specifically that a therapeutic effect can be achieved by stimulation at a distance from the area where the pressure is applied. Reflexology believes the body is reiterated, or mirrored, on the feet and hands and works within a zonal system...Sacramento Valley Reflexology Association.

Some areas to be considered in a definition of Reflexology. Caution should be taken to not limit the definition of reflexology. Discussions made now can confine or leave vistas open in the future should legislation with resultant advantages and disadvantages result.

Is the definition for the general public or for medically oriented professionals?

Ways of effecting reflex areas and points:

1.) Thoughts;

4.) Implements;

5.) Sound;

6.) Color;

7.) Other forms of vibration; 8.) Electrical stimulation

[mili amps or micro amps].

 

Areas where reflex areas and pints are found:

1.) along meridian lines;

2.) In concentrated areas

--i.e. feet, hands, ears, nose, teeth, face and other concentrated areas; 3.) areas unrelated to 1 or 2.

Effects area being worked on as well as areas and points found at a distance from the area being worked on.

Intention is to have a healthful effect. Assuming proper attention to wisdom and contraindications...Bill Flocco

Reflexology is a scientifically delineated System of control points in the feet that reflects our whole being almost as a mirror, recording disorder and disharmonies, often caused by stress and tension. Through this system unlimited healing forces within can be released...Margarete "Oma" Teuwen.

Reflexology is a scientific system of health car; and health maintenance 'and utilizes the connection between nerve endings in the feet and hands with every body part; reflexology promotes balance and normalization of the body through the application of pressure to specific areas of the feet and hands with specific thumb and finger techniques...Karen Potts

ŠKunz and Kunz 2003
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